GallusThe Jewish community in Palestine was severely oppressed by Gallus, the Roman emperor of the east, who inflicted harsh and cruel policies. This infuriated the local Jewish community, causing them to revolt against Rome.

The rebellion started at Sepphoris where the Jews managed to gain possession. It then spread to Tiberias and Lydda. The Roman General Ursicinus reacted quickly and fervently. Many of the revolting towns and other neighboring towns were destroyed. In Sepphoris itself the uprising was put down but the city was not destroyed.

As a result of the revolt, a permanent garrison occupied Galilee.