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What Abraham, Jacob and Joseph Might Have Known, c. 1850-1500 BCE

  1. Overview
    1. The Mists of Antiquity 2000-1000 BC, Teddy Kollek and Moshe Pearlman, Jerusalem- Sacred City of Mankind, Steimatzky Ltd., Jerusalem, 1991.
    2. Biblical History- From Abraham to Moses, c. 1850-1200 BCE, Steven Feldman, COJS.
  2. Artifacts
    1. Ain Ghazal Statues, 7th millennium BCE
    2. Ugarit, 6000-1200 BCE
    3. Copper Mace Heads, c. 4500–3200 BCE
    4. Burial Cave, c. 4500–3200 BCE
    5. Alabaster Statuette, 3300 BCE
    6. Abydos Tablets, c. 3400-3300 BCE
    7. Royal Tombs of Ur, 2600-2500 BCE
    8. Pyramids, c. 2500 BCE
    9. Ebla Tablets, 2580–2450 BCE
    10. Statue of Kaaper, c. 2450 BCE
    11. The Babylonian Map, 2360-2150 BCE
    12. Mathematical Tablet from Ebla, c.2350-2250 BCE
    13. Legend of Sargon of Akkade, c. 2300 BCE
    14. Man’s Oldest Prescription, 2200 BCE
    15. Ancient Canaanite Cemetery, 2000-1750 BCE
    16. Tale of Sinuhe, 1971-1928 BCE
    17. Canaanite Fortifications of Ashkelon, c. 1950 BCE
    18. Panels from the Pyramid Complex of Senwosret I at Lisht, 1920 BCE
    19. Baking and Brewing Model from a Tomb at Asyut, c. 1900 BCE
    20. Mathematical Cuneiform Tablet, 19th century BCE
    21. Astronomy Tablet, 19th-18th century BCE
    22. Semitic Tribe Entering Egypt, c. 1890 BCE
    23. Lipit-Ishtar Law Code, c. 1850 BCE
    24. Oldest Arch, c. 1850 BCE
    25. Mirror of Princess Sithathoriunet, 1850 BCE
    26. The Execration Texts, from 1840 BCE
    27. Egyptian Curse Figurine, c.1800 BCE
    28. Weld-Blundell Prism, c. 1800 BCE
    29. Dictionary Tablet, 18th century BCE
    30. Atrahasis Epic- The Flood Story, 18th century BCE
    31. Gilgamesh Epic- The Flood Story
    32. The Story of Abraham, 18th century BCE
    33. Hyksos Drinking Goblet, 18th century BCE
    34. Carnarvon Tablet, 18th century BCE
    35. Jacob Scarab Seals, 18th century BCE
    36. Babylonian Tablet Plimpton 322, c. 1800 BCE
    37. Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus, 17th century BCE
    38. Mathematical Tablet, c. 1790 BCE
    39. Mari, 1789-1759 BCE
    40. Statue of Lamgi-Mari, 1789-1759 BCE
    41. The Code of Hammurabi, c. 1760 BCE
    42. Sumerian Flood Story, 1740 BCE
    43. Square Root of Two Cuneiform, c. 1700 BCE
    44. Canaanite God El, c. 1600 BCE
    45. Silver Calf, c. 1600–1550 BCE
    46. Babylonian Flood Story, 15th century BCE
    47. Portraiture Statuettes of High Priest Amenhotep and Priestess Rannai, 15th century BCE
    48. The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus, 1575 BCE
    49. Statue of Queen Ahmose-Nefertari, 1550–1525 BCE
    50. Valley of the Kings, 1539-1075 BCE
    51. Cuneiform Tablets from Hazor
    52. Hieroglyphics Tablet from Hazor
    53. Clay Model of a Sheep’s Liver
    54. Seven-spouted Vessel
    55. Monkey Vessel
    56. Figurine Mold
    57. Seven Tablets of Creation
    58. Polygon Tablet
    59. Clay Multiplication Table
    60. Astronomical Tablet
    61. Admonitions of Ipuwer Papyrus
    62. Anthropoid Coffins
    63. Tell Harmal Mathematical Tablets
    64.  Sumerian Serpent
    65.  Nuzi Archives
    66.  Serabit el-Khadem
  3. Articles
    1. The Patriarchal Age- Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, P. Kyle McCarter Jr., revised by Ronald S. Hendel, Ancient Israel, Biblical Archaeology Society, 1999.
    2. Circumcision, Philip J. King and Lawrence E. Stager, Life in Biblical Israel, Westminster John Knox Press, 2001.
    3. Gold from a Hyksos City, Ornit Ilan, Image and Artifact, The Jerusalem Museum, 2000.
    4. What the Babylonian Flood Stories Can and Cannot Teach Us About the Genesis Flood, Tikva Frymer-Kensky, BAR 4-04, Nov-Dec 1978.
    5. Did the Patriarchs Live at Givat Sharett? Dan Bahat, BAR 4-03, Sep-Oct 1978.
    6. Ebla Update, BAR 6-03, May-Jun 1980.
    7. The Last Legacy of Roland de Vaux, Nahum M. Sarna, BAR 6-04, Jul-Aug 1980.
    8. The Separate Traditions of Abraham and Jacob, Roland de Vaux, BAR 6-04, Jul-Aug 1980.
    9. Beer-sheba of the Patriarchs, Ze’ev Herzog, BAR 6-06, Nov-Dec 1980.
    10. Ebla and the Bible, Giovanni Pettinato, BAR 6-06, Nov-Dec 1980.
    11. Ancient Jerusalem’s Rural Food Basket, Gershon Edelstein and Shimon Gibson, BAR 8-04, Jul-Aug 1982.
    12. God Before the Hebrews, Tikva Frymer-Kensky, BAR 8-05, Sep-Oct 1982.
    13. Gudea of Lagash Ends Long Journey, Suzanne F. Singer, BAR 9-03, May-Jun 1983.
    14. The Mysterious MBI People, Rudolph Cohen, BAR 9-04, Jul-Aug 1983.
    15. Claude Frederic-Armand Schaeffer-Forrer (1898–1982)- An Appreciation, James M. Robinson, BAR 9-05, Sep-Oct 1983.
    16. The Tablets from Ugarit and Their Importance for Biblical Studies, Peter C. Craigie, BAR 9-05, Sep-Oct 1983.
    17. The Last Days of Ugarit, Claude F. A. Schaeffer, BAR 9-05, Sep-Oct 1983.
    18. Ur and Jerusalem Not Mentioned in Ebla Tablets, Say Ebla Expedition Scholars, James D. Muhly, BAR 9-06, Nov-Dec 1983.
    19. Fifteen Years in Sinai, Itzhaq Beit-Arieh, BAR 10-04, Jul-Aug 1984.
    20. Sumer- Introduction, BAR 10-05, Sep-Oct 1984.
    21. Woolley’s Ur Revisited, Richard L. Zettler, BAR 10-05, Sep-Oct 1984.
    22. The New Sumerian Dictionary, William McPherson, BAR 10-05, Sep-Oct 1984.
    23. Inanna—The Quintessential Femme Fatale, Tikva Frymer-Kensky, BAR 10-05, Sep-Oct 1984.
    24. Sumerian “Firsts,” BAR 10-05, Sep-Oct 1984.
    25. Patriarchal Burial Site Explored for First Time in 700 Years, Nancy Miller, BAR 11-03, May-Jun 1985.
    26. From Ebla to Damascus- The Archaeology of Ancient Syria, Marie-Henriette Gates, BAR 12-03, May-Jun 1986.
    27. Books in Brief–Historical Essays; The Early Biblical Period, Philip J. King, BAR 12-06, Nov-Dec 1986.
    28. Jacob in History, Aharon Kempinski, BAR 14-01, Jan-Feb 1988.
    29. High Art from the Time of Abraham, Christos G. Doumas, BAR 17-01, Jan-Feb 1991.
    30. When Canaanites and Philistines Ruled Ashkelon, Lawrence E. Stager, BAR 17-02, Mar-Apr 1991.
    31. Mystery Circles, Yonathan Mizrachi, BAR 18-04, Jul-Aug 1992.
    32. BARlines- Bronze Age Source of Tin Found in Turkey? BAR 20-03, May-Jun 1994.
    33. BARlines- Wall Paintings Restored at Mareshah, BAR 20-03, May-Jun 1994.
    34. The Patriarchal Age- Myth or History? Kenneth A. Kitchen, BAR 21-02, Mar-Apr 1995.
    35. 10 Great Finds, Michael D. Coogan, BAR 21-03, May-Jun 1995.
    36. Finding Historical Memories in the Patriarchal Narratives, Ronald S. Hendel, BAR 21-04, Jul-Aug 1995.
    37. WorldWide- Ugarit (Ras Shamra, Syria), BAR 22-02, Mar-Apr 1996.
    38. Backward Glance- The Ur-Archaeologist, Edward M. Luby, BAR 23-02, Mar-Apr 1997.
    39. Lawrence of Arabia as Archaeologist, Stephen E. Tabachnick, BAR 23-05, Sep-Oct 1997.
    40. Expeditions- Hattusas, Turkey, BAR 24-02, Mar-Apr 1998.
    41. Strata- Canaanites in Suburbia, Bonnie Rochman, BAR 24-03, May-Jun 1998.
    42. Abraham’s Ur- Is the Pope Going to the Wrong Place? Hershel Shanks, BAR 26-01, Jan-Feb 2000.
    43. Abraham’s Ur- Did Woolley Excavate the Wrong Place? Molly Dewsnap Meinhardt, BAR 26-01, Jan-Feb 2000.
    44. Jerusalem as Eden, Lawrence E. Stager, BAR 26-03, May-Jun 2000.
    45. Was Noah’s Ark a Sewn Boat? Ralph K. Pedersen, BAR 31-03, May-Jun 2005.
    46. Discovering Hebron, Jeffrey R. Chadwick, BAR 31-05, Sep-Oct 2005.
    47. He Was Rav Because She Was Rebbetzin, Jewish Week, 11/02/2015.
  4. Maps
    1. The Fertile Crescent and Egypt, c. 2000 BCE
    2. Babylonia at the Time of Hammurabi, 1792-1750 BCE
  5. Websites
    1. Cave of the Treasure
    2. Gilgamesh
    3. The Code of Hammurabi
    4. The Code of Hammurabi Translated by L.W. King

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