Jewish Rites “The Jews shall be bound by their rites, while we shall imitate the ancients in conserving their privileges, for it was established in their laws and confirmed by our divinity, that those who are subject to the rule of the Illustrious Patriarchs (e.g. Jewish Leaders), that is the Archsynagogues, the patriarchs, the elders, […]
The Dead Sea Scrolls are 900 fragments of what were scrolls in antiquity, which constituted the library of a group of Jews who lived at the shore of the Dead Sea. Prof. Lawrence H. Schiffman, New York University
Shaye J.D. Cohen. “Judaism to the Mishnah: 135-220 C.E.” Part II Greco-Roman Period Christianity and Rabbinic Judaism- a Parallel History of their Origins and Early Development. Ed. Hershal Shanks. Washington D.C.- Biblical Archaeology Society, 1993. The organization of the Mishnah The Mishnah is a large work, some 800 to 1,000 pages in English translation. 68 […]
The Creator has no body, physical stature, image or form at all… The glory is an appearance of the resplendent light, which is called Shekhinah, and the will of the Creator shows and images that very light to the prophets according to the hour, to this one like that [form] and to the other […]
King Solomon’s Wall Still Supports the Temple Mount, Ernest-Marie Laperrousaz, BAR 13-03, May-Jun 1987.
“No actual remains of Solomonic Jerusalem have survived,” Dr. Kathleen Kenyon wrote shortly before her death in 1978.1 Most scholars would agree with famous British archaeologist even today. I believe she is wrong. A major Solomonic monument is visible in Jerusalem today for all to see. Indeed, virtually every visitor to Jerusalem does see it, […]
The medieval period was a period of unusual violence and an unusual level of irrational thinking about the Jews but it didn’t involve unremitting violence. Prof. Robert Chazan. Produced by Down Low Pictures for COJS.
July 12th 1920 The Palestine Mandate Sir Arthur Balfour So far as the Arabs are a great, interesting, and attractive race I hope they will remember that . . . the great powers, and among all the great powers most especially Great Britain, has freed them, the Arab race, from the tyranny of their brutal […]
Geniza Document, trans. S. D. Goitein, in Mosseri Collection, L-12, Letters of Medieval Jewish Traders (Princeton, 1973), pp. 213–15. Excerpted from Norman Stillman, Jews of Arab Lands, 247-248. (August 1198) to Aden. Immediately after his arrival he was brought before the self-styled caliph, who said to him: “Become a Muslim, or you will cause the death of your brethren.” […]
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Protection of Jews and Synagogues “Your excellent authority [the Praefectus Praetorio of Illyricum] shall order the governors to assemble, in order that they shall learn and know, that it is necessary to repel the assaults of those who attack Jews, and that their synagogues should remain in their accustomed peace.” Jews Converting to Christianity to […]
Prohibition of Christian Establishing Prices for Merchandise of Jews “To the Jews: No outsider to the religion of the Jews shall set prices for the Jews when merchandise is offered for sale: for it is just to assign to each man what is his own. Province-governors shall not allow, therefore, that a controller or a […]