Tel Aviv was founded on April 11, 1909. On that day, several dozen families gathered on the sand dunes on the beach outside Jaffa to allocate plots of land for a new neighborhood they called Ahuzat Bayit, later known as Tel Aviv. As the families could not decide how to allocate the land, they held a […]
Abegg, M. G. “Messianic Hope and 4Q285; A Reassessment.” JBL 113 (1994):81-91. Abramsky, S. Bar-Kokhba: Nesi Yisra’el. Tel Aviv: Massadah, 1961. Aharoni, Y. “Expedition B.” In Judean Desert Caves: Survey and Excavations, 1960, 11-24. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1961. Albeck, C. Das Buch der Jubiläen und die Halacha. Berlin, 1934. Albright, W. F. “New Light […]
What do the Dead Sea Scrolls tell us about the New Testament? One possible answer is: Nothing. The scrolls were associated with a relatively small group, or, rather, with several small groups.aOther Jewish people, like the first Christians, may not even have known about their sectarian writings. In fact, there is no evidence that any […]
Edited by Prof. Elliot R. Wolfson, with the assistance of Dr. Hartley Lachter This site is designed to serve as an introduction to the main historical periods and theoretical currents of Jewish Mysticism, Esotericism and Kabbalah, ranging from the Bible, through the Talmud, the Zohar, Isaac Luria, the Baal Shem Tov and beyond. The theoretical […]
Overview Life in the Land (Joshua and Judges), Christine Hayes, Open Yale Courses (Transcription), 2006. Prophets and Kings (1 and 2 Samuel), Christine Hayes, Open Yale Courses (Transcription), 2006. Response to Catastrophe (1 and 2 Kings), Christine Hayes, Open Yale Courses (Transcription), 2006. Biblical History- From Joshua to Samuel, c. 1200-1000 BCE, Steven Feldman, COJS. […]
Gilded metal, 14th century, Catalonia (copy of the original in the Museum of l’Espluga de Francolí). Bears an inscription in Hebrew meaning “For seven days eat matzot in peace.” To be considered suitable for consumption on Passover by the Jewish community, matzot had to be marked with special seals like this one.
Geniza Document, trans. S. D. Goitein, in Mosseri Collection, L-12, Letters of Medieval Jewish Traders (Princeton, 1973), pp. 213–15. Excerpted from Norman Stillman, Jews of Arab Lands, 247-248. (August 1198) to Aden. Immediately after his arrival he was brought before the self-styled caliph, who said to him: “Become a Muslim, or you will cause the death of your brethren.” […]
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James I, byname James The Conqueror, Spanish Jaime El Conquistador (born Feb. 2, 1208, Montpellier, County of Toulouse—died July 27, 1276, Valencia, Valencia), the most renowned of the medieval kings of Aragon (1213–76), who added the Balearic Islands and Valencia to his realm and thus initiated the Catalan-Aragonese expansion in the Mediterranean that was to […]
From The Lives and Times of the Popes by Chevalier Artaud de Montor, New York: The Catholic Publication Society of America, 1911 (originally published in 1842).