Dead Sea Scrolls

The Oldest Bible in the World

The Oldest Bible in the World

Until the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, the oldest known Bible dated to the ninth or tenth century.

By May 1, 2016 Read More →

Jews in the Greco-Roman Period

Shaye J.D. Cohen. “Did Ancient Jews Missionize.” Bible Review 19, 4, (2003).

Shaye J.D. Cohen. “Did Ancient Jews Missionize.” Bible Review 19, 4, (2003).

Was ancient Judaism a missionary religion? Well, it depends on what you mean by “missionary.” In one sense—say, in contrast to Christianity—Judaism, with one exception of short duration, never was. From earliest times Christianity saw the propagation of its faith as one of its central tenets. Early Christians taught that paganism was empty and worthless […]

By April 18, 2016 Read More →

Jewish Mysticism

The Catastrophe of Sabbetai Zvi

The Catastrophe of Sabbetai Zvi

Sabbetai Zvi was a manic-depressive who had a huge effect on world Jewry in the Ottoman Empire and on the study of Kabbalah. See also: Shabbatai Zvi and Sabbateanism

By April 5, 2016 Read More →

Hebrew Bible

The Deuteronomistic History

The Deuteronomistic History

Overview Life in the Land (Joshua and Judges), Christine Hayes, Open Yale Courses (Transcription), 2006. Prophets and Kings (1 and 2 Samuel), Christine Hayes, Open Yale Courses (Transcription), 2006. Response to Catastrophe (1 and 2 Kings), Christine Hayes, Open Yale Courses (Transcription), 2006. Biblical History- From Joshua to Samuel, c. 1200-1000 BCE, Steven Feldman, COJS. […]

By January 22, 2009 0 Comments Read More →

Medieval Christendom

Seal-stamp for unleavened bread, 14th century Catalonia

Seal-stamp for unleavened bread, 14th century Catalonia

Gilded metal, 14th century, Catalonia (copy of the original in the Museum of l’Espluga de Francolí). Bears an inscription in Hebrew meaning “For seven days eat matzot in peace.” To be considered suitable for consumption on Passover by the Jewish community, matzot had to be marked with special seals like this one.  

By September 24, 2015 Read More →

Returning and Redemption

The Rose of Jericho—Symbol of the Resurrection, Jacob Friedman, Zippora Stein and Amotz Dafni, BAR 6-05, Sep-Oct 1980.

The Rose of Jericho—Symbol of the Resurrection, Jacob Friedman, Zippora Stein and Amotz Dafni, BAR 6-05, Sep-Oct 1980.

Generations of Christian Pilgrims to the Holy land brought home traditional mementos such as pressed wild flowers from Jerusalem, olive-wood covered Bibles, and a homely little ball of dried-out twigs with miraculous properties—the Rose of Jericho (Anastatica hierochuntica). The desiccated skeletons of the small desert plant are still sold at souvenir shops in Jerusalem’s Old […]

By May 17, 2016 Read More →

Medieval Islamic Lands

Forced Conversion of the Jews of Aden

Forced Conversion of the Jews of Aden

Geniza Document, trans. S. D. Goitein, in Mosseri Collection, L-12, Letters of Medieval Jewish Traders (Princeton, 1973), pp. 213–15. Excerpted from Norman Stillman, Jews of Arab Lands, 247-248. (August 1198) to Aden. Immediately after his arrival he was brought before the self-styled caliph, who said to him: “Become a Muslim, or you will cause the death of your brethren.” […]

By August 19, 2015 Read More →

Early Modern Period

Mercantilism

Mercantilism

Overview Overview- Mercantilism Secondary sources Israel, Jonathan. “An Amsterdam Jewish Merchant of the Golden Age- Jeronimo Nunes Da Costa (1620-1697), Agent of Portugal in the Dutch Republic.” Studia Rosenthaliana 18, no. 1 (1984)- 21-40. Israel, Jonathan. “The Economic Contribution of Dutch Sephardi Jewry to Holland’s Golden Age, 1595-1713.” Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis 96, no. 4 (1983)- […]

By April 7, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

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