What does archaeology tell us about the biblical Philistines?
Was ancient Judaism a missionary religion? Well, it depends on what you mean by “missionary.” In one sense—say, in contrast to Christianity—Judaism, with one exception of short duration, never was. From earliest times Christianity saw the propagation of its faith as one of its central tenets. Early Christians taught that paganism was empty and worthless […]
Overview Life in the Land (Joshua and Judges), Christine Hayes, Open Yale Courses (Transcription), 2006. Prophets and Kings (1 and 2 Samuel), Christine Hayes, Open Yale Courses (Transcription), 2006. Response to Catastrophe (1 and 2 Kings), Christine Hayes, Open Yale Courses (Transcription), 2006. Biblical History- From Joshua to Samuel, c. 1200-1000 BCE, Steven Feldman, COJS. […]
Gilded metal, 14th century, Catalonia (copy of the original in the Museum of l’Espluga de Francolí). Bears an inscription in Hebrew meaning “For seven days eat matzot in peace.” To be considered suitable for consumption on Passover by the Jewish community, matzot had to be marked with special seals like this one.
Geniza Document, trans. S. D. Goitein, in Mosseri Collection, L-12, Letters of Medieval Jewish Traders (Princeton, 1973), pp. 213–15. Excerpted from Norman Stillman, Jews of Arab Lands, 247-248. (August 1198) to Aden. Immediately after his arrival he was brought before the self-styled caliph, who said to him: “Become a Muslim, or you will cause the death of your brethren.” […]
Overview Overview- Mercantilism Secondary sources Israel, Jonathan. “An Amsterdam Jewish Merchant of the Golden Age- Jeronimo Nunes Da Costa (1620-1697), Agent of Portugal in the Dutch Republic.” Studia Rosenthaliana 18, no. 1 (1984)- 21-40. Israel, Jonathan. “The Economic Contribution of Dutch Sephardi Jewry to Holland’s Golden Age, 1595-1713.” Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis 96, no. 4 (1983)- […]
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The synagogue of Sardis is notable for its size and location. In size it is one of the largest ancient synagogues excavated. In location it is found in the center of the urban center, instead of on the periphery as synagogues typically were. This attests to the strength and wealth of the Jewish community in […]
Exodus 1: 8 “Now a new king arose over Egypt, who did not know Joseph.” Mummy of Ramesses the Great Exodus 14:23 “The Egyptians pursued them, and all Pharaoh’s horses and chariots and horsemen followed them into the sea.” Battle of Kadesh, Temple of Ramses II at Abu Simbel The Battle of Kadesh […]