Dead Sea Scrolls

Bibliography – Dead Sea Scrolls

Bibliography – Dead Sea Scrolls

Abegg, M. G. “Messianic Hope and 4Q285; A Reassessment.” JBL 113 (1994):81-91. Abramsky, S. Bar-Kokhba: Nesi Yisra’el. Tel Aviv: Massadah, 1961. Aharoni, Y. “Expedition B.” In Judean Desert Caves: Survey and Excavations, 1960, 11-24. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1961. Albeck, C. Das Buch der Jubiläen und die Halacha. Berlin, 1934. Albright, W. F. “New Light […]

By September 16, 2015 Read More →

Jews in the Greco-Roman Period

Christian and Jewish Views of the Holy Land, Aaron Demsky, BR 18:05, Oct 2002.

Christian and Jewish Views of the Holy Land, Aaron Demsky, BR 18:05, Oct 2002.

The famous mosaic map in a church in Madaba, Jordan, and the not-so-famous mosaic inscription from an ancient synagogue near Tel Rehov, in Israel’s Beth-Shean Valley, reflect two very different views of sacred geography. In Christianity, the Holy Land is perceived as the totality of holy sites sanctified by saints and revelation. In Judaism, the […]

By February 7, 2016 Read More →

Jewish Mysticism

Jewish Mysticism And Esotericism

Jewish Mysticism And Esotericism

Edited by Prof. Elliot R. Wolfson, with the assistance of Dr. Hartley Lachter This site is designed to serve as an introduction to the main historical periods and theoretical currents of Jewish Mysticism, Esotericism and Kabbalah, ranging from the Bible, through the Talmud, the Zohar, Isaac Luria, the Baal Shem Tov and beyond. The theoretical […]

By October 5, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Hebrew Bible

The Deuteronomistic History

The Deuteronomistic History

Overview Life in the Land (Joshua and Judges), Christine Hayes, Open Yale Courses (Transcription), 2006. Prophets and Kings (1 and 2 Samuel), Christine Hayes, Open Yale Courses (Transcription), 2006. Response to Catastrophe (1 and 2 Kings), Christine Hayes, Open Yale Courses (Transcription), 2006. Biblical History- From Joshua to Samuel, c. 1200-1000 BCE, Steven Feldman, COJS. […]

By January 22, 2009 0 Comments Read More →

Medieval Christendom

Seal-stamp for unleavened bread, 14th century Catalonia

Seal-stamp for unleavened bread, 14th century Catalonia

Gilded metal, 14th century, Catalonia (copy of the original in the Museum of l’Espluga de Francolí). Bears an inscription in Hebrew meaning “For seven days eat matzot in peace.” To be considered suitable for consumption on Passover by the Jewish community, matzot had to be marked with special seals like this one.  

By September 24, 2015 Read More →

Returning and Redemption

Cover of About Zionism, Albert Einstein, 1930

Cover of About Zionism, Albert Einstein, 1930

About Zionism: Speeches and Lectures by Professor Albert Einstein. Translated and Edited With an Introduction by Leon Simon. London, Soncino 1930, Macmillan, 1931. See also: Albert Einstein Albert Einstein and Zionism

By October 15, 2015 Read More →

Medieval Islamic Lands

Forced Conversion of the Jews of Aden

Forced Conversion of the Jews of Aden

Geniza Document, trans. S. D. Goitein, in Mosseri Collection, L-12, Letters of Medieval Jewish Traders (Princeton, 1973), pp. 213–15. Excerpted from Norman Stillman, Jews of Arab Lands, 247-248. (August 1198) to Aden. Immediately after his arrival he was brought before the self-styled caliph, who said to him: “Become a Muslim, or you will cause the death of your brethren.” […]

By August 19, 2015 Read More →

Early Modern Period

Mercantilism

Mercantilism

  Overview Overview- Mercantilism Secondary sources Israel, Jonathan. “An Amsterdam Jewish Merchant of the Golden Age- Jeronimo Nunes Da Costa (1620-1697), Agent of Portugal in the Dutch Republic.” Studia Rosenthaliana 18, no. 1 (1984)- 21-40. Israel, Jonathan. “The Economic Contribution of Dutch Sephardi Jewry to Holland’s Golden Age, 1595-1713.” Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis 96, no. 4 […]

By April 7, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

More Recent Articles

The Two Faces of Jesus – How the early church pictured the divine, Robert M. Jensen, BR 18:05, Oct 2002.

The Two Faces of Jesus – How the early church pictured the divine, Robert M. Jensen, BR 18:05, Oct 2002.

In the upper reaches of the Church of Sant’Apollinare Nuovo in Ravenna, just below the painted wood ceiling, appears a striking series of 26 mosaics portraying the life and passion of Jesus. Dating to the early sixth century, they constitute one of the oldest—perhaps the oldest—extant monumental series of images depicting Jesus’ life (see photos […]

By February 7, 2016 Read More →
Menorah in the Beth Shearim Catacomb, Lower Galilee, 2nd- 4th centuries CE

Menorah in the Beth Shearim Catacomb, Lower Galilee, 2nd- 4th centuries CE

An example of the intricate carvings in the catacombs of Beth She’arim, this menorah stands on top of the head of a man in a Roman military tunic. Jewish symbols such as the menorah appear side by side with pagan motifs of lions, eagles, bulls’ heads and garlands. A carved shell, another common ornament, decorates […]

By February 7, 2016 Read More →
Julian the Apostate and His Plan to Rebuild the Jerusalem Temple, Jeffrey Brodd, BR 11:05, Oct 1995.

Julian the Apostate and His Plan to Rebuild the Jerusalem Temple, Jeffrey Brodd, BR 11:05, Oct 1995.

Of the Roman emperors after Constantine, only Julian (331–363) rejected Christianity in favor of the pagan gods. A nephew of Constantine, the first Christian emperor, Julian incurred the wrath of a burgeoning Christian community by deciding to rebuild the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem, which had been destroyed by Roman legions in 70 C.E. Actually, Constantine […]

By February 3, 2016 Read More →