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The Restoration

  1. Cyrus CylinderOverview
    1. 1 and 2 Chronicles, Ezra and Nehemiah, Christine Hayes, Open Yale Courses (Transcription), 2006.
    2. Overview- Jews in the Persian Period (520-332 BCE)
    3. …and the Rise 537, Teddy Kollek and Moshe Pearlman, Jerusalem- Sacred City of Mankind, Steimatzky Ltd., Jerusalem, 1991.
    4. Biblical History- Jeremiah, Ezra and Esther, c. 586-330 BCE, Steven Feldman, COJS.
  2. Primary sources
    1. Ezra 3- The Renewal of Sacrifices, Texts and Traditions, ed. Lawrence H. Schiffman, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken NJ, 1998.
    2. Ezra 3- The Beginning of Sacrifice, Texts and Traditions, ed. Lawrence H. Schiffman, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken NJ, 1998.
    3. Ezra 4- The Samaritans and the Temple, Texts and Traditions, ed. Lawrence H. Schiffman, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken NJ, 1998.
    4. Ezra 6- The Order to Rebuild, Texts and Traditions, ed. Lawrence H. Schiffman, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken NJ, 1998.
    5. Ezra 7-8- The Arrival of Ezra, Texts and Traditions, ed. Lawrence H. Schiffman, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken NJ, 1998.
    6. Ezra 9-10- Expulsion of Foreign Wives, Texts and Traditions, ed. Lawrence H. Schiffman, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken NJ, 1998.
    7. Nehemiah 1-6- Rebuilding the Wall and Gates of Jerusalem, Texts and Traditions, ed. Lawrence H. Schiffman, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken NJ, 1998.
    8. Nehemiah 7-8- The Reading of the Torah, Texts and Traditions, ed. Lawrence H. Schiffman, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken NJ, 1998.
    9. Nehemiah 8- The Building of the Booths, Texts and Traditions, ed. Lawrence H. Schiffman, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken NJ, 1998.
    10. Nehemiah 10- The Oath of the Covenant, Texts and Traditions, ed. Lawrence H. Schiffman, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken NJ, 1998.
    11. 1 Chronicles 28-9- The Kingdom of David and Solomon, Texts and Traditions, ed. Lawrence H. Schiffman, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken NJ, 1998.
    12. Josephus, Antiquities XI, 297-303- The High Priest and the Samaritans
    13. Esdras 2- Opposition to the Temple
    14. Abu’l Fath, Kitab Al-Tarikh- The Samaritan View of their Origins (Stenhouse Trans. From Anderson- The Keepers)
    15. 2 Kings 17- The Jewish View of Samaritan Origins
    16. Josephus, Antiquities XI, 75-108- Samaritans and the Restoration of the Temple
  3. Artifacts
    1. Yahud Stamps, c. 539 BCE
    2. Cyrus Cylinder, c. 535 BCE
    3. Tomb of Cyrus, 530 BCE
  4. Secondary sources
    1. Historical and Archaeological Background, Lawrence H. Schiffman, From Text to Tradition- A History of Second Temple & Rabbinic Judaism, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken, NJ, 1991.
    2. Political Affairs, Lawrence H. Schiffman, From Text to Tradition, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken, NJ, 1991.
    3. The Second Temple, Lawrence H. Schiffman, From Text to Tradition, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken, NJ, 1991.
    4. The Literature of the Period
    5. The Samaritan Schism
    6. The Early History of Babylonian Jewry
    7. James D. Purvis, and Eric Meyers. “Exile and Return- From the Babylonian Destruction to the Reconstruction of the Jewish State.”
    8. James D. Purvis, and Eric Meyers. “Exile and Return- From the Babylonian Destruction to the Reconstruction of the Jewish State.” Part II
    9. James D. Purvis, and Eric Meyers. “Exile and Return- From the Babylonian Destruction to the Reconstruction of the Jewish State.” Part III
    10. Lisbeth S. Fried. “Cyrus the Messiah.” Bible Review 19, 5 (2003).
    11. Aaron Demsky. “Who Returned First—Ezra or Nehemiah?” Bible Review 12, 2 (1996).
    12. Reinhard Pummer. “The Samaritans.” Bible Review 7, 5 (1991).
    13. Zionism Revisited- Nabonidus, Cyrus, and the Return to Zion, Bryna Jochebed Levy, copyright COJS.
  5. Images
    1. The Cyrus Cylinder, written in cuneiform script containing Cyrus’ edict to rebuild Babylonian temples, 539 BCE.
    2. The tomb of Cyrus the Great, Pasargadae, Iran.
    3. Fragment of the Wadi Daliyeh Papyri mentioning the Samaritan governor Sanballat, 4th century BCE.
    4. Page of the Samaritan Pentateuch.
  6. Videos
    1. 1 and 2 Chronicles, Ezra and Nehemiah, Christine Hayes.
  7. Further reading
    1. History of Ancient Israel — Bibliography

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