Hellenistic Period

New York Times Front-Pages Samaria Papyri, BAR 6:02, Mar-Apr 1980.
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New York Times Front-Pages Samaria Papyri, BAR 6:02, Mar-Apr 1980.

The New York Times on December 8, 1979 carried a front page story headlined, “Scholar Identifies Legal Pages as the Oldest Found in Palestine.” The story describes the efforts of Harvard Professor Frank Cross to decipher fourth century B.C. papyrus fragments found in a cave north of Jericho. The fragments, which are parts of legal […]

Posted in: Hellenistic Period
Silver Tetradrachma Coins from Ashkelon, 4th century BCE
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Silver Tetradrachma Coins from Ashkelon, 4th century BCE

Silver Tetradrachma Coins Ashkelon’s treasures. Silver tetradrachma coins, bearing the portrait of Alexander the Great on one side and depicting him on the other as Zeus holding a scepter in his left hand and an eagle in his right, and a silver bracelet were found among the charred debris of a building along Ashkelon’s coast. […]

Posted in: Hellenistic Period
Books in Brief: Gezer III, BAR 17:02, Mar-Apr 1991.
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Books in Brief: Gezer III, BAR 17:02, Mar-Apr 1991.

Gezer III- A Ceramic Typology of the Late Iron II, Persian and Hellenistic Periods at Tell Gezer Seymour Gitin (Jerusalem- Nelson Glueck School of Biblical Archaeology, 1990) Text volume, 270 pp.; Data Base and Plates Volume, 345 pp., $90.00 Volumes of the final report on the excavation of Tell Gezer (1964–1974) continue to pour out. […]

Silver Drachma Coin, 323 BCE
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Silver Drachma Coin, 323 BCE

This silver drachma coin struck in 323 B.C.E. is among the artifacts that provided evidence for the dating of the “cigarette” scroll. The “cigarette” scroll, found in a cave at Ketef Jericho rolled up into a cigarette-like tube, has helped to substantiate the science of paleography. This Aramaic document is a ledger, listing on one […]

Posted in: Hellenistic Period
Egyptian Coin, 300 BCE
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Egyptian Coin, 300 BCE

Egyptian coin of the royal mint Stern, Ephraim, Material Culture of the Land of the Bible in the Persian Period. Jerusalem- Israel Exploration Society, 1973.

Posted in: Hellenistic Period
First Royal Portrait, 305 BCE
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First Royal Portrait, 305 BCE

Material- Silver Denomination- Tetradrachm Size-1 inch in diameter Ptolemy I was the first ruler of Judea to place his own portrait on his coins (some numismatists believe he was the first person ever to mint a coin with his own likeness). The silver tetradrachm (four-drachm coin) shown here, from 305 B.C.E., depicts Ptolemy I wearing […]

Posted in: Hellenistic Period
Hoard of Coins, 300 BCE
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Hoard of Coins, 300 BCE

Hoard of coins from the time of Alexander the Great. Richard L. Currier, Yaakov Meshorer, Coins of the Ancient World. Lerner Pub Group, 1975.

Posted in: Hellenistic Period
Biblical History: From Alexander the Great to the Roman Conquest, 332-37 BCE, Steven Feldman, COJS.
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Biblical History: From Alexander the Great to the Roman Conquest, 332-37 BCE, Steven Feldman, COJS.

The relative independence the Jews enjoyed under the Persians would be shattered by the appearance of a man who would reshape the ancient world. Alexander’s the Great’s conquest of Judea in 332 B.C.E. was just a small part of his explosive expansion of the Macedonian empire into the lands that had been under the rule […]

Posted in: Hellenistic Period
The Septuagint, Emanuel Tov, Textual criticism of the Hebrew Bible, Fortress Press, Minneapolis 1992.
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The Septuagint, Emanuel Tov, Textual criticism of the Hebrew Bible, Fortress Press, Minneapolis 1992.

The Dead Sea Scrolls 1. The Septuagint (G*) S.P. Brock et al., A Classified Bibliography of the Septuagint (Leiden 1973). E. Bickerman, “Some Notes on the Transmission of the Septuagint,” in- A. Marx Jubilee Volume (New York 1950) 149–178 = idem, Studies ill Jewish and Christian History, Part One (Leiden 1976) 137–166; P.-M. Bogaert, “Les […]

Posted in: Hellenistic Period
How the Septuagint Differs, Biblical Archaeology Review, Jun 1976.
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How the Septuagint Differs, Biblical Archaeology Review, Jun 1976.

In a fascinating article, Pere Pierre Benoit of the École Biblique et Archéologique Française in Jerusalem, raises anew the question whether the Septuagint translation of the Bible is divinely inspired. Whether or not one agrees with Pere Benoit that it is, his careful discussion of some differences between the Septuagint and the Hebrew text is […]

Posted in: Hellenistic Period