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Political and Social Structures in Hellenistic Judea (332-63 BCE)

  1. Ptolemy IFrom Text to Tradition
    1. Under Ptolemies and Seleucids
    2. The Jerusalem Temple and the Priesthood
    3. The Gerousia
  2. Historical Surveys
    1. Lee I. Levine. “The Age of Hellenism- Alexander the Great and the Rise and Fall of the Hasmonean Kingdom.”
  3. Primary sources
    1. Josephus, Antiquities XII, 1-9- Alexander’s Successors
    2. Josephus, Antiquities, XII, 129-46- Antiochus III conquers Jerusalem
    3. Zenon Papyri- Jews in Hellenistic Egypt
    4. Vienna Papyrus- Jewish Military Settlers in Ptolemaic Palestine
    5. Josephus, Against Apion I, 195-99- Hecateus of Abdera on Jerusalem
    6. Ben Sira 50- The Glory of the High Priest
    7. Josephus, Antiquities, XII, 138-144 – King Antiochus’ Favorable Attitudes to the Jews
    8. 1 Maccabees 12- 5-11 – Letter to the Spartans
    9. 1 Maccabees 14- 20-23 Letter from the Spartans
  4. Secondary Sources
    1. Background to Hanukkah: Inscription Reveals Roots of Maccabean Revolt, Hershel Shanks, BAR 34:06, Nov-Dec 2008.
  5. Images
    1. Arsinoe II, the wife of Ptolemy II Philadelphus portrayed on a silver coin minted during her husband’s reign 285-246 BCE, (front).
    2. Coin minted during the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus portraying a cornucopia, 285-246 BCE (reverse).
    3. Seleucus II Kallinikos, the king of Syria portrayed on a silver coin 246-226 BCE, with the god Apollo on reverse side

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