Ramesses III and the Philistines.jpg

Depiction of the Philistines at Medinet Habu. Photo courtesy of BiblePlaces.com.

The mortuary temple of Ramesses III at Medinet Habu depicts the victory over the Philistines who attempted to conquer Egypt-

“They were coming forward toward Egypt . . . Their confederation was the Tjeker, Shekelesh, Denye(n), Wehesh and the Peleset (Philistines).”

The Philistines are identifiable by their feather head dresses, swan decorations, two edged swords, spears, and rounded shields. Most of the Philistines are depicted as clean-shaven.

Battle of the Delta

Philistine Warrior

The Philistines and other Sea Peoples invaded by sea and were defeated in a great battle called the Battle of the Delta. The naval battle was also depicted on the walls of the Ramesses III’s mortuary temple at Medinat Habu.

The Philistines are the primary enemy of the Israelites throughout the Books of Judges and Samuel and are also mentioned by the prophet Amos-

“I brought Israel up from the land of Egypt, but also the Philistines from Caphtor [Crete].”

– Amos 9-7


Ramesses III bas-relief at Medinet Habu

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