Like the prophets of old, whoever wrote this composition proclaims the “word of Yahweh,” the personal name of the Hebrew God. And, again like the Bible, many of the prophecies open with the words “Thus (or therefore) said the Lord [that is, Yahweh and sometimes the more generic Elohim] of Hosts.” Sometimes the text uses Elohei Yisrael, “God of Israel.” There are also numerous references to Yahweh’s kavod, or glory, familiar to all students of the Hebrew Bible. The text also mentions “My servant David.” Elsewhere it refers to “David the servant of Yahweh.” Jerusalem is also mentioned several times. Apparently the composer of this texts supports the Davidic dynasty. And God “shows mercy to thousands,” the same expression used in Exodus 20-6, Deuteronomy 5-10 and Jeremiah 32-18.

Yardeni, Ada, “A New Dead Sea Scroll in Stone?” BAR Jan-Feb 2008.

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