The oldest known map dates to the Akkad period. Only about two and one-half inches on a side, the tablet is either a road map or a record of landholding. The circle in the lower left of the tablet might represent the city of Ebla. The map was inscribed on this clay tablet sometime between 2360 and 2150 B.C. As was customary with ancient maps, this map is oriented with east at the top. It was discovered in 1931 at Nugi, a site in northeast Iraq about 400 miles east of Ebla.

Alfred J. Hoerth, Archaeology and the Old Testament. Grand Rapids- Baker books, 1998, p. 49.

“Putting the Bible on the Map,” BAR Nov-Dec. 1983.