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The Nazis forced the Jews to pay the costs of the pogroms and banned them from gainful economic activity. Insurance monies to cover the damages were confiscated, Jewish store and home owners had to repair their buildings at their own cost, and an “atonement” fee of 1 billion Reichsmarks (about $400 million) was imposed on the community. Finance Office in Friedrichshain, states that the tax assessment for Dr. Norbert Landecker is set at 4000 Reichsmarks and is to be paid in four installments.

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum- Kristallnacht