“In Afghanistan the situation is almost as bad as it can be… Professing to Russia to direct the foreign policy of the Afghans, we are unable to direct or control it… The Amir…is a factor in the balance of power, who can play us off against Russia and Russia against us, and the whole position is most unsatisfactory. If Russia presses us to secure satisfaction for a just demand we cannot enforce it.”

Source: India Office, London/L/P&S/18/C106: Lee-Warner, ‘Russia and the Indian Empire.’ November 6, 1902