First Printed MishnahIt is in the Mishnah, the oral law that preceded the Talmud compiled in Israel by Yehuda Hanasi, that we are first introduced to the main theme of the holiday, that of judgment: “On Rosh Hashanah all human beings pass before him [God] as sheep before a shepherd” (Tractate Rosh Hashanah 2)

Source: Haaretz, “The history of Rosh Hashanah, which wasn’t always the ‘new year,’” September 2, 2014.

“Yom Kippur atones for transgressions between a person and God…” (Misha Yoma 8:9)