Damascus Gate from Photographs of the Ordnance Survey of Jerusalem, Charles W. Wilson, 1865.

The Damascus Gate was constructed by Suleiman the Magnificent in 1538 on top of the ancient Aelia Capotilna Gate (built c. 135 CE, as part of Hadrian’s transformation of Jerusalem into a Roman city). The Crusaders built a gate above the old Roman gate, thus unwittingly preserving it.

The Damascus Gate, also called “Shechem Gate” or “Nablus Gate,” is the largest and most elaborate of the Old City gates and is the main north-facing gate of the Old City.

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