Battle of Lepanto (artist unknown)

On October 7, 1571 a galley fleet of the Holy League decisively defeated the main fleet of Ottoman war galleys. The Holy League consisted of a coalition of-

  • The Republic of Venice
  • The Papacy (under Pope Pius V)
  • Spain (including Naples, Sicily and Sardinia)
  • The Republic of Genoa
  • The Duchy of Savoy
  • The Knights Hospitaller and others, .

The defeat of the Ottoman Empire in battle was the first since the fifteenth century and it prevented the expansion of the Empire into Europe.