December 31, 1972 3,200 Years of Documented Presence of the Jewish People in the Land of Israel, Genesis 15:18-21

56,000 immigrants arrive in Israel throughout the year, more than half of them from the USSR. The building of more than 50,000 new apartments contributes to economic prosperity in Israel.

The Soviet demand that all those wishing to make Aliyah to Israel pay a “diploma tax” is rejected by Israel, the United States and other countries.

During the year, various Jewish and Zionist organizations initiate protests and demonstrations throughout the world on behalf of Soviet Jewry. There is increased pressure on Jews in the USSR, especially those requesting to make Aliyah to Israel, including show trials in which Jews are charged with “maligning the USSR.”