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An Uneasy Truce and the Suez War, 1949-1956

  1. Operation Magic CarpetOverview
    1. The Story, 1948-1980, MyJewishLearning.com.
  2. Primary sources
    1. Egyptian-Israeli General Armistice Agreement, February 24, 1949.
    2. Lebanese-Israeli General Armistice Agreement, March 23, 1949.
    3. U.S Congressional Joint Resolution, March 24, 1949.
    4. Jordanian-Israeli General Armistice Agreement, April 3, 1949.
    5. Israeli-Syrian General Armistice Agreement, July 20, 1949.
    6. Report on Status of the Armistice Negotiations and Truce in Palestine (Excerpts), July 21, 1949.
    7. The Israeli Government Debates Its Immigration Policy, HaBoker, Central Zionist Archives, Oct. 24, 1949.
    8. Assistance to Palestine Refugees – Resolution of the General Assembly, December 8, 1949.
    9. International Regime for the Jerusalem Area and Protection of the Holy Places – Resolution of the General Assembly, December 9, 1949.
    10. The Decree of the Unification of the “West Bank” into Jordan, April 24 1950.
    11. Department of State Airgram from Dean Acheson (Anti-Americanism in the Arab World), May 1, 1950.
    12. Tripartite Declaration Regarding the Armistice Borders- Statement by the Governments of the United States, The United Kingdom, and France, May 25, 1950.
    13. United Nations Palestine Refugee Aid Act of 1950- Title III of Public Law 535 (81st Congress, 2d Session), June 5, 1950.
    14. Treaty of Joint Defense and Economic Cooperation Between the States of the Arab League, June 17, 1950.
    15. United Nations General Assembly Resolution 393 (V), December 2, 1950.
    16. A Summary of the Iraqi Parliamentary Debate, 1950, Norman Stillman, The Jews of Arab Lands in Modern Times, Jewish Publication Society, 2003.
    17. The Iraqi Law Permitting Jews to Emigrate with the Forfeiture of Nationality, 1950, Norman Stillman, The Jews of Arab Lands in Modern Times, Jewish Publication Society, 2003.
    18. The Zionist Underground in Iraq Appeals to the Jews to Register for Emigration, Apr. 8, 1950, Norman Stillman, The Jews of Arab Lands in Modern Times, Jewish Publication Society, 2003.
    19. The Progress of Jewish Emigration from Iraq Two Months before the Expiration of the Law Permitting It, Jan. 18, 1951, Norman Stillman, The Jews of Arab Lands in Modern Times, Jewish Publication Society, 2003.
    20. The Iraqi Government Urges that Jewish Emigration be Speeded Up, 1951, Norman Stillman, The Jews of Arab Lands in Modern Times, Jewish Publication Society, 2003.
    21. Revue de Liban (a French language weekly published in Lebanon), May 12, 1951.
    22. Authority of the United Nations Truce Supervision Organization and of the Syrian-Israeli Mixed Armistice Commission- United Nations Security Council Resolution, May 18, 1951.
    23. Habib Issa, ‘Al Huda’ (a Lebanese newspaper published in the USA, June 6, 1951.
    24. Egyptian Restrictions on Israeli Shipping in the Suez Canal- United Nations Security Council Resolution, September 1, 1951.
    25. Jerusalem Ahead- Rules of the Game, Keren Hayesod, 1951.
    26. Memorandum for the President, Urgent Request from Ibn Saud to Dwight D. Eisenhower, Aug. 9, 1951.
    27. Bernard Baruch’s letter to Rabbi Friedman, Dec. 31, 1953.
    28. Letter from Ben-Gurion to Chaim Halperin, Mar. 29, 1955.
    29. Israel’s Goal- Peace, Golda Meir, Dec. 5, 1956.
  3. Newspaper articles
    1. Sees New Anti-Israel Plot in State Department, The Daily Compass, June 15, 1949.
    2. Arabs Demand 2-3 of Israel, The Daily Compass, Aug. 31, 1949.
    3. Issue of the Day- Would Jerusalem’s problems be solved by granting international supervision of the Holy Places? The Daily Compass, Nov. 30, 1949.
  4. Secondary sources
    1. The Exodus from Yemen
    2. Ingathering and the Struggle for Economic Survival, Excerpt from Howard Sachar, A History of Israel from the Rise of Zionism to Our Time, Alfred A. Knopf and Random House, Second Edition, 1996.
    3. The United Nations and the Egyptian Blockade of the Suez Canal, Lawyers Committee on Blockades, 1953.
  5. Images
    1. Iraqi Immigrants on the Plane to Israel, Central Zionist Archives.
    2. Iraqi Immigrants Arrive at Lod, Central Zionist Archives.
    3. Baggage of Iraqi Immigrants at the Entrance to the “Shaar HaAliyah Camp,” Central Zionist Archives.
    4. Iraqi Immigrants – Mother and Son, Central Zionist Archives.
    5. An Immigrant Family from Kurdistan at the Lod Airport, Central Zionist Archives.
    6. A Family of Romanian Immigrants at Haifa Port, Central Zionist Archives.
    7. Heads of the Moroccan Community With their Torah, Central Zionist Archives.
    8. Father and Son, Immigrants from the Island of Jerba (Tunis),Central Zionist Archives.
    9. A Family of Egyptian Immigrants at Haifa Port, Central Zionist Archives.
    10. A Yemenite Woman on Her Way to Israel,Central Zionist Archives.
    11. Young Yemenite Immigrants, Central Zionist Archives.
    12. Turkish Immigrants Arrive at Haifa Port, Central Zionist Archives.
    13. Lybian Immigrants, Central Zionist Archives.
    14. Iranian Immigrants Arrive with their Belongings, Central Zionist Archives.
    15. Immigrants from Czechoslovakia at the Customs Office at Haifa Port, Central Zionist Archives.
    16. German Immigrants at Haifa Port, Central Zionist Archives.
    17. Romanian Immigrants at Haifa Port – A Father and His Twin Sons, Central Zionist Archives.
    18. Yemenite Jews Awaiting Airlift
    19. Operation Magic Carpet
    20. Officers of the Parachutist 890e Battalion, 1955
  6. Maps
    1. Armistice Lines, 1949

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