Richard the Lionhearted, 1157–1199


Richard I the Lionhearted, King of England

Richard I the Lionhearted, King of England Tombs of the Plantagenet Kings Coloured stone

Richard I, the Lionhearted (1157–1199), King of England, led the Third Crusade and became one of the most widely romanticized figures of medieval times. He was a popular and gifted leader who captured Cyprus and won a victory against Saladin at Arsuf. Although his main goal—the capture of Jerusalem—eluded him, Richard nevertheless negotiated a peace with Saladin in 1192 that allowed Christians free access to all holy places and retained for the Crusaders possession of the coast and the town of Acre, which they would hold for a hundred years. He is buried in the abbey of Notre Dame in Fontevrault-l’Abbaye, France.

Excerpted from The Rugged Beauty of Crusader Castles, Adrian Boas, BAR 32-01, Jan-Feb 2006.

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