By April 7, 2008 Read More →



  1. Overview
    1. Overview- Portugal
  2. Secondary sources
    1. Beinart, Haim. “Order of the Expulsion from Spain- Antecedents, Causes, and Textual Analysis,” Crisis and Creativity in the Sephardic World (1997), 79-94.
    2. Carrete Parrondo, Carlos. “Nostalgia for the Past (and for the Future?) among Castilian Judeoconversos,” Mediterranean Historical Review 6 (1991), 25-43.
    3. David, Abraham. “The Spanish Expulsion and the Portuguese Persecution through the Eyes of the Historian R. Gedalya Ibn Yahya.” Sefarad 56, no. 1 (1996)- 45-59. Abstract- About Italian rabbi Gedalia Ibn Yahia (1526-87), the son of Portuguese Jews who fled to Italy in the late 15th century to escape persecution, copyist and author. Examples from his Shalshelet Ha-Kabbalah [Chain of tradition] concerning the persecution of Iberian Jews show that Gedalia attempted to supplement and enrich the bare facts with new information based on additional Jewish and non-Jewish sources. Gedalia’s aim was to provide information based on his understanding of the situation and personal observation. These aspects determine his place in 16th-century Jewish historiography.
    4. Edwards, John. “Religious Faith and Doubt in Late Medieval Spain- Soria circa 1450-1500,” Past and Present, No. 120 (1988), 3-25.
    5. Gutwirth, E. “Hispano-Jewish Attitudes to the Moors in the Fifteenth Century.” Sefarad 49, no. 2 (1989)- 237-262. Abstract- The article discusses Jewish Attitudes toward Moors, demonstrating that there was no single Jewish attitude toward Islam, but a complex, highly individual, often contradictory, set of responses based on different modes of encounter.
    6. Martz, Linda. “Pure Blood Statutes in Sixteenth Century Toledo- Implementation as Opposed to Adoption.” Sefarad 54, no. 1 (1994)- 83-107. Abstract- Discusses pure blood statutes in 16th-century Toledo, Spain, particularly those imposed by the crown on the city council in 1566, and how the statutes affected some conversos. Focusing on one Toledo family to demonstrate the marriage alliances preferred by some wealthy conversos and the means by which conversos overcame efforts to exclude them from the city council and other positions of status.
    7. Nirenberg, David. “Mass Conversion and Genealogical Mentalities- Jews and Christians in Fifteenth-Century Spain.” Past and Present 174 (2002)- 3-41.
    8. Yerushalmi, Yosef Hayim. “Assimilation and Racial Anti-Semitism- The Iberian and the German Models,” The Leo Baeck Memorial Lecture 26 (New York 1982).
  3. Images
    1. Bible, Toledo, Spain, 1492-1497, MS L6, Fol. 381v.
    2. Consolacam as tribulacoens de Israel, Samuel Usque, Ferrara, 1553, RB259-20, Fols. 1v-2r.

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