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The State and the Jews—Protection

Medieval W. Christendom

  1. Introduction
    1. Introduction- Protection
  2. Images
    1. Cathedral at Speyer
    2. Cathedral at Cologne
    3. Emperor Henry IV
    4. King Louis VII of France
    5. Emperor Fredrick I
    6. Emperor Fredrick II
  3. Primary Texts
    1. Emperor Henry IV, 1096, Solomon bar Simson Chronicle, Mid-Twelfth-Century Hebrew Narrative
    2. King Louis VII of France, 1171, Contemporary Hebrew Letter
    3. Emperor Frederick I, 1188, Elazar ben Judah’s Late-Twelfth-Century Report
    4. Emperor Frederick II, 1236 Imperial Document
    5. King James II of Aragon, 1294 Royal Letter
  4. Secondary Literature
    1. S. W. Baron, A Social and Religious History of the Jews (2 nd ed.; 18 vols.;New York- Columbia University Press, 1952-83), 11-22-55.
    2. R. Chazan, European Jewry and the First Crusade (Berkeley- University of California Press, 1987), 85-99.
    3. R. Chazan, “Emperor Frederick I, the Third Crusade, and the Jews,” Viator, VIII (1977)- 83-93.
  5. Videos
    1. How did the authorities react to anti-Jewish violence? Prof. Robert Chazan.

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