Hadrian, Roman emperor from 117 CE to 138 CE, ruthlessly quashed the Bar Kokba Revolt and resettled Jerusalem as Aelia Capitolina.
Ruling an empire that comprised much of Europe, northern Africa and the Middle East, Hadrian was a capable and, at times, ruthless military leader. He realigned borders and quashed revolt, stabilising a territory critically overstretched by his predecessor, Trajan.
Hadrian had a great passion for architecture and Greek culture. His extensive building program included the Pantheon in Rome, his villa in Tivoli and the city of Antinoopolis, which he founded and named after his male lover Antinous.
“Hadrian- A Portrait in Bronze,” BAR Nov-Dec 1997.
- Bust of Hadrian, 118-130 CE
- Coin of Hadrian, c. 132-134 CE
- Bronze Head of Hadrian, c. 122 CE
- Hadrian’s Wall, 122 CE
- Hadrian’s Mausoleum, 135-139 CE
- “Rare Bronze Statue of Hadrian Found by Tourist,” Suzanne F. Singer, BAR 2-04, Dec 1976.
- Werner Eck. “Hadrian’s Hard-Won Victory- Romans Suffer Severe Losses in Jewish War.” Biblical Archaeology Review 33, 5 (2007).
- Kenneth G. Holum. “Iter Principis- Hadrian’s Imperial Tour.” Biblical Archaeology Review 23, 6 (1997).
- Bronze Bust of Hadrian, ruled 117-138, Roman emperor who instigated the Bar Kokhba Revolt.
- Rebellion against Roman Rule, Rina Abrams, COJS.
- Map of the Roman Empire in the Time of Hadrian