Iran Stele, 737 BCE
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"…Rezin of Damascus, Menahem of Samaria…"
Date: 737 BCE
Current Location: Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
Language and Script: Assyrian?; cuneiform
Tiglath-Pileser III was the architect of the Neo-Assyrian Empire’s most extensive westward expansion and swept through the Levant, coming into contact with Israel and Judah. During his reign it became the largest empire the world had yet seen, bested only by Alexander the Great in the late 4th century BCE. His only known monumental stele, known as the Iran Stele because of its supposed place of discovery, is partially preserved in three large fragments. Its provenance is uncertain, though it is said to have come from Iran in accordance with its inscription, which ends with Tiglath-Pileser’s campaign in Western Iran during his 9th year (737 BCE). The text describes Tiglath-Pileser’s various military undertakings through the first nine years of his reign.