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Jews in the Diaspora

August 24, 410 The Golden Menorah
By December 11, 2016 Read More →

August 24, 410 The Golden Menorah

The Visigoths led by King Alaric besieged Rome “It was at length agreed that the city should give 5,000 pounds of gold and 30,000 pounds of silver… Palladius was not able to complete the whole sum … they (e.g. the Romans) not only robbed statues of their ornaments but also melted down some of them […]

December 388 Christians Destroy a Synagogue in Italy
By December 5, 2016 Read More →

December 388 Christians Destroy a Synagogue in Italy

Synagogues It is alleged that Christian arsonists burned a synagogue in the Italian city of Aquilea. In a letter to Emperor Theodoric, Saint Ambrose denied the allegation, characterizing the event as “an act of providence.” Source: Ruggini, idem.

118 C.E. Fiscus Judaica/ The Jewish Tax/ “Jewish Streets” in Egypt
By October 31, 2016 Read More →

118 C.E. Fiscus Judaica/ The Jewish Tax/ “Jewish Streets” in Egypt

What was “Jewish Egypt” like after the defeat of 117 CE? The evidence of tax receipts on ostraca is both objective and appalling. Ever since the year 70, which saw the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem, any Jew in the Roman Empire was subjected to a special tax. The Emperor Vespasian decreed that, in […]

Posted in: Jews of Egypt
115 C.E. – 117 C.E. The Jewish Rebellion against Emperor Trajan
By October 31, 2016 Read More →

115 C.E. – 117 C.E. The Jewish Rebellion against Emperor Trajan

One undisputed fact remains: the brief idyll between the benevolent imperial couple (e.g. Trajan and  Plotina) and the Jews was soon to be shattered by the revolt of 115. The reaction of the Roman government fulfilled the desire of Hermaiskos to see the emperor support his “own people” instead of defending the “impious Jews.” And […]

Posted in: Jews of Egypt
113 C.E. Judeopagan Conflict in Egypt
By October 31, 2016 Read More →

113 C.E. Judeopagan Conflict in Egypt

We do know that the embassies (e.g. Jews and Pagans from Alexandria) or trial must have taken place before Trajan left Rome in November 113 C.E. to make war on the Parthians. CPJUD. II 157, Col. 2 When the winter was over they arrived in Rome. The Emperor learned that the Jewish and Alexandrian envoys […]

Posted in: Jews of Egypt
110 C.E. Suetonius (69 C.E ― 125 C.E.)
By October 31, 2016 Read More →

110 C.E. Suetonius (69 C.E ― 125 C.E.)

Jews and Christians In his Lives of the Caesars, Suetonius gives some valuable information about Jews in the early imperial period, and for part of the data is the only source. This applies to his statements concerning the mourning among the Jews at the death of Julius Caesar (No. 302); the attitude of Augustus to […]

73 C.E. The Jewish Synagogue at Liontopolis in Egypt
By October 31, 2016 Read More →

73 C.E. The Jewish Synagogue at Liontopolis in Egypt

Josephus tells us that, after the fall of Masada (The Jewish War 7, 420-36), some fighters, having escaped from the disaster and taken refuge in Egypt, had attempted to foment a revolutionary movement within the ranks of the Jews of Egypt. The prefect of Egypt, Tiberius Julius Lupus, brought news of this to the ears […]

Posted in: Jews of Egypt
July 1, 69 C.E. Tiberius Julius Alexander/ Vespasian
By October 31, 2016 Read More →

July 1, 69 C.E. Tiberius Julius Alexander/ Vespasian

In 69 Tiberius was at work preparing the accession of Vespasian, who needed Egyptian support in order to be proclaimed emperor. Our prefect knew this and, on July 1, 69, he had his troops and the people of Alexandria swear allegiance to Vespasian. A mere scrap of papyrus bears witness to the festivities Tiberius organized […]

Posted in: Jews of Egypt
May 66 C.E. Uprising of Jews in Alexandria
By October 31, 2016 Read More →

May 66 C.E. Uprising of Jews in Alexandria

Tiberias Julius Alexander (e.g. nephew of the Jewish Philosopher, Philo) Tiberius had chosen an administrative career in the emperor’s service. Like everyone else, he had to begin by serving a term in the armed forces, before taking his first civil position in about 42 CE as the epistrategus of the Thebaid, governor of one of […]

Posted in: Jews of Egypt
April 30, 41 C.E. Judeopagan Conflict
By October 31, 2016 Read More →

April 30, 41 C.E. Judeopagan Conflict

The action begins with a preliminary hearing before the Imperial Council, the Consilium Caesaris (symboulion in Greek), on the fifth of Pachon, the day before the Calends of May, i.e., April 30. The year has not been conserved but we may assume it was the first of Emperor Cladius’ (e.g. 41 C.E. – 54 C.E.) […]

Posted in: Jews of Egypt