Presence in the Land

June 1951 Jewish Refugees from Arab Lands – Iraq
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June 1951 Jewish Refugees from Arab Lands – Iraq

Time bombs were hurled into three Jewish business establishments.  Later the Sayyad Bazaar, the economic enter of the Jewish community of Baghdad, Iraq, was occupied by troops. Source: 6

May 20, 1951 Arab Refugees
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May 20, 1951 Arab Refugees

Newspaper “Kul Shay” of Beirut, Lebanon “There are plans afoot, under which the refugees will return as invaders and conquerors…we want them to march forward from north and east and kill off the Zionist enemies of the (Arab) nation.” Source: Arab Refugees. (p. 25)

May 12, 1951 Jewish Refugees from Arab Countries – Iraq
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May 12, 1951 Jewish Refugees from Arab Countries – Iraq

“…Even the 15,000 Jews (e.g. From Iraq) choosing to remain here have great doubts about their future. Some nationalist politicians have been peddling the slogan: ‘nationalize oil and denationalize all the Jews…’ “Because of the ‘freeze’ law, a Jew cannot take a cent with him in cash. He is permitted to take only clothing. Nothing […]

May 4 – 8, 1951 Arab Refugees
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May 4 – 8, 1951 Arab Refugees

The World Council of Churches, at its meeting in Beirut came to the conclusion that the solution for Arab refugees lay in their integration in Arab lands. “ … We are convinced that there can be no permanent solution of the problem of the Palestine refugees until there is a settlement of the outstanding political […]

January 14, 1951 Jewish Refugees from Arab Countries – Iraq
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January 14, 1951 Jewish Refugees from Arab Countries – Iraq

The Masouda Shemtaub synagogue in Bagdad, Iraq was bombed and a number of Jews killed and wounded. Source: The Arab Refugee Problem, How it can be Solved. Proposals—submitted to the General Assembly of the United Nations, December 1951

1951-1952 Arab Refugees
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1951-1952 Arab Refugees

In a series of reports from the Middle East inn 1951 and 1952, the American journalist Stewart Alsop notes that Palestinian refugees surround Israel “with an iron ring of hate” and portrays the refugee camps as “a reservoir of smoldering antagonism against the State of Israel and its Western backers.” Source:  88, p. 202  

1951 Attacks by Arab Infiltrators – Fedayeen
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1951 Attacks by Arab Infiltrators – Fedayeen

“Ever since The Jewish State came into existence, Arab infiltrators—fedayeen—had been carrying out hit-and-run raids into Israel. Israeli casualties rose steadily through the first half of the fifties: 1951       137 Israeli Casualties”   Source: Brecher, Israel’s Foreign Policy, p. 229. O’Brien, Connor. The Siege.

1951 350, 000 Jewish Refugees from Arab Lands
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1951 350, 000 Jewish Refugees from Arab Lands

The flight of the Jews from Iraq and the Yemen… was emphatically the result of Arab oppression. The position of the Jewish communities in the Arab countries has for centuries past been one of inferiority, brief interludes of security and relative prosperity alternating with outbreaks of intolerance and persecution. In the more backward countries they […]

1951 U.N. Palestine Conciliation Commission Gives Up
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1951 U.N. Palestine Conciliation Commission Gives Up

The U.N. Palestine Conciliation Commission made another effort to bring the parties together in 1951, but finally gave up.  It reported: “The Arab Governments…are not prepared fully to implement paragraph 5 of the said resolution, which calls for the final settlement of all questions outstanding between them and Israel. THE ARAB GOVERNMENTS IN THEIR CONTACTS […]

December 14, 1950 Israel Offers Peace
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December 14, 1950 Israel Offers Peace

The Foreign Minister of Israel (e.g. Moshe Sharett) told the United Nations General Assembly: “I should like to take this opportunity to reiterate the continued readiness of my Government to enter into direct negotiations with each of the states with which we have armistice agreements …” Source:  73