The Crusades were initially military undertakings to conquer the sacred sites of Christianity in the Holy Land. Prof. Robert Chazan, New York University. Produced by Down Low Pictures for COJS.
Popular Perceptions and Violence
Ecclesia et Synagoga, the name given to the symbolic representations in Christian art of the Middle Ages of the victorious Church and defeated Synagogue, symbolizing the triumph of Christianity. Excerpted from Encyclopedia Judaica.
There is a group of Crusaders for whom the unstable situation leads to occasional anti-Jewish violence. Prof. Robert Chazan. Produced by Down Low Pictures for COJS.
Peter the Hermit started his Crusade (with 40,000 men and women) in Cologne in April, 1096, and arrived (with 30,000 men and women) at Constantinople at the end of July.
The combination of “Jews have a right to live but they really are a terrible group of people” results in a lot of popular violence. Prof. Robert Chazan. Produced by Down Low Pictures for COJS.
There are two different ways of conceptualizing Jewish medieval life: one is oppression and the other is great piety. But there are real people living in the space between those poles. Abby Kornfeld. Produced by Down Low Pictures for COJS
At the foot of Clifford’s Tower a plaque marks the darkest chapter in the history of York’s Jewish community. On March 16th 1190 a wave of anti-Semitic riots culminated in the massacre of an estimated 150 Jews – the entire Jewish community of York – who had taken refuge in the royal castle where Clifford’s […]
The Crusades were never called against Jews; they were called against Muslims. There was a group of Crusaders for whom the unstable combination implodes. Prof. Robert Chazan, New York University
Introduction Introduction- Popular Violence Images Peter the Hermit Leading Knights and Pilgrims, 1096 Clifford’s Tower, York The Black Death, 1348-49 Jewish Perceptions of Persecution Jewish Perceptions of Violence Primary Texts Worms, 1096, Mainz, Anonymous Mainz, 1096, Mainz, Anonymous Xanten, 1096, Solomon bar Simson Chronicle Germany, 1348-49, Herman Giges’s Fourteenth-Century Narrative Germany, 1348-49, Heinrich Truchessis’s Fourteenth-Century […]
Introduction Introduction- Historic Jewish Enmity Images Crucifixion with Ecclesia and Synagoga Crucifixion with Sponge Bearer Descent of the Jews into Hell The Jews in Hell Primary Texts Crusader Slogan, 1096, Mainz Anonymous—Late-Eleventh-Century Hebrew Narrative Crusader Slogan, 1096, Solomon bar Simson Chronicle—Mid-Twelfth-Century Hebrew Narrative Crusaders in Mainz, 1096, Mainz Anonymous Crusaders, 1147, Ephraim of Bonn’s Late-Twelfth-Century […]