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Medieval Christendom

Jews and the Crusades
By August 29, 2016 Read More →

Jews and the Crusades

The Crusades were never called against Jews; they were called against Muslims. There was a group of Crusaders for whom the unstable combination implodes. Prof. Robert Chazan, New York University

Posted in: Popular Violence
Seal-stamp for unleavened bread, 14th century Catalonia
By September 24, 2015 Read More →

Seal-stamp for unleavened bread, 14th century Catalonia

Gilded metal, 14th century, Catalonia (copy of the original in the Museum of l’Espluga de Francolí). Bears an inscription in Hebrew meaning “For seven days eat matzot in peace.” To be considered suitable for consumption on Passover by the Jewish community, matzot had to be marked with special seals like this one.  

King James I of Aragon
By September 22, 2015 Read More →

King James I of Aragon

James I, byname James The Conqueror, Spanish Jaime El Conquistador (born Feb. 2, 1208, Montpellier, County of Toulouse—died July 27, 1276, Valencia, Valencia), the most renowned of the medieval kings of Aragon (1213–76), who added the Balearic Islands and Valencia to his realm and thus initiated the Catalan-Aragonese expansion in the Mediterranean that was to […]

Pope Alexander II
By September 21, 2015 Read More →

Pope Alexander II

From The Lives and Times of the Popes by Chevalier Artaud de Montor, New York: The Catholic Publication Society of America, 1911 (originally published in 1842).

Pope Gregory IX
By September 21, 2015 Read More →

Pope Gregory IX

1511, Fresco, Stanza della Segnatura, Palazzi Pontifici, Vatican The four Stanze di Raffaello (Raphael Rooms) form a suite of reception rooms in the public part of the papal apartments in the Palace of the Vatican. They are famous for their frescoes, painted by Raphael and his workshop.

Overview: The Church and the Jews
By December 16, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Overview: The Church and the Jews

The period between 1000 and 1500 was characterized, above all else, by the creation of a significant Jewish presence in medieval western Christendom, forcing both the Christian majority and the Jewish minority to new awareness of and interaction with one another. Rapidly developing western Christendom consisted of sprawling and diverse territories, housing a wide variety of ethnic, linguistic, and […]

Rabbinic Creativity
By April 15, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Rabbinic Creativity

Medieval W. Christendom Introduction Introduction- Rabbinic Creativity Images Illuminated Page from Thirteenth-Century German Mishneh Torah Manuscript Illuminated Page from Fifteenth-Century Portuguese Mishneh Torah Manuscript Rabbi Zedekiah ben Abrahamha-Rofe, Shibbolei Ha-Leket Illuminated Page from Fifteenth-Century Italian Arba`ah Turim, Yorah De`ah Manuscript Illuminated Page from Fifteenth-Century Italian Arba`ah Turim Even ha-`Ezer Manuscript Illuminated Page from Fifteenth-Century Italian […]

Posted in: Rabbinic Creativity
Overview: Jewish Responses to Spiritual Challenges
By April 15, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Overview: Jewish Responses to Spiritual Challenges

Meeting material challenges in a rapidly changing environment constituted the first priority for the Jews of medieval western Christendom, one they accomplished by and large effectively. At the same time, these Jews encountered major challenges in the cultural and spiritual spheres, again in a rapidly changing and creative majority ambiance. For the Jews of medieval western Christendom, the intellectual […]

Jewish Responses to Spiritual Challenges
By April 15, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Jewish Responses to Spiritual Challenges

Meeting material challenges in a rapidly changing environment constituted the first priority for the Jews of medieval western Christendom, one they accomplished by and large effectively. At the same time, these Jews encountered major challenges in the cultural and spiritual spheres, again in a rapidly changing and creative majority ambiance. For the Jews of medieval western Christendom, the […]

Creating a Physical Setting
By April 15, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Creating a Physical Setting

Introduction Introduction- Creating a Physical Setting Images Speyer medieval synagogue- view from the northwest, view from the northeast, sandstone tile floor Synagogue of Santa Maria la Blanca, Toledo, 13 th century Córdoba Synagogue, south and north walls, 1314-15 Detail of the Dedicatory Inscription of the Synagogue of El Tránsito, Toledo, 1357 Illuminating the Synagogue, Sister […]