Notice: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /var/www/wp-content/plugins/breadcrumbs/yoast-breadcrumbs.php on line 187

The Maccabean Revolt

The History of Hanukkah
By December 18, 2016 Read More →

The History of Hanukkah

“Hannukah”—the celebration of the (re-)dedication of the Temple in Jerusalem—goes back to the very first dedication—that of Solomon in the 10th century BCE. But the holiday Jews have long called Hannukah commemorates just one of the Temple’s re-dedications—that at the hand of the Maccabees in 164 BCE. This holiday has sometimes been called a “minor” […]

1 Maccabees 7-10: The Final Hasmonean Victory
By April 8, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

1 Maccabees 7-10: The Final Hasmonean Victory

The Seleucids attempted to neutralize Judah by appointing Alcimus as high priest. Together with the Seleucid commanders, he fought against the Hasmonean forces. Ultimately, Judah himself fell in battle. Once again the Hellenizers and their Seleucid supporters controlled Judea for a time, until Jonathan began to retake the countryside. The Seleucids were forced to recognize […]

2 Maccabees 11: Letters of Antiochus
By April 8, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

2 Maccabees 11: Letters of Antiochus

In 164 B.C.E. the Seleucids succeeded in convincing many Jews, including the Hasideans, to accept a truce and amnesty. The Hasmoneans, seeking not only religious freedom but political independence, refused to accept the amnesty. Judah seems to have lost power in this period. 11-22 The king’s letter ran thus- “King Antiochus 129 to his brother […]

1 Maccabees 4-6: The Rededication of the Temple
By April 8, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

1 Maccabees 4-6: The Rededication of the Temple

1 Maccabees describes the rededication of the Temple, which took place after Judah (Judas) the Maccabee and his men conquered Jerusalem, and the institution of the holiday of Hanukkah. Thereafter, Judah undertook a policy of fighting against Israel’s neighbors who had supported the Hellenists and the Seleucids. But after the death of Antiochus IV in […]

1 Maccabees 1-4: The Maccabean Uprising
By April 8, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

1 Maccabees 1-4: The Maccabean Uprising

Excerpted from Lawrence H. Schiffman, Texts and Traditions, Ktav, Hoboken 1998, p.156-160 and Revised Standard Version of the Bible, Apocrypha, copyright 1957 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved. Image courtesy of Avi Deror, Wikimedia […]

2 Maccabees 3-6: The Hellenistic Reform and the Onset of Persecution
By April 8, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

2 Maccabees 3-6: The Hellenistic Reform and the Onset of Persecution

2 Maccabees was written in Greek sometime in the first century B.C.E., itself condensed from the five-volume work of Jason of Cyrene in North Africa. It relates in detail the account of the events leading up to the Maccabean Revolt (168-64 B.C.E.), showing that the revolt and the resulting persecutions had their roots in an […]

The Maccabean Revolt (168-164 BCE)
By April 8, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

The Maccabean Revolt (168-164 BCE)

From Text to Tradition Hellenistic Reform and the Maccabean Revolt Historical Surveys Lee I. Levine. “The Age of Hellenism- Alexander the Great and the Rise and Fall of the Hasmonean Kingdom.” Part II Primary sources 2 Maccabees 3-6- The Hellenistic Reform and the Onset of Persecution 1 Maccabees 1-4- The Maccabean Uprising 1 Maccabees 4-6- […]

Hellenistic Reform and the Maccabean Revolt
By April 8, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Hellenistic Reform and the Maccabean Revolt

Excerpted from Lawrence H. Schiffman, From Text to Tradition, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken, NJ, 1991. The political background of the struggle over Hellenization must be sought in the years following the final Seleucid conquest of the Land of Israel under Antiochus III in 198 B.C.E. Throughout the years of warfare between the Seleucids and the Ptolemies each empire […]