Literature of the Second Commonwealth

Wisdom of Solomon 1-6: Righteousness and Foolishness
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Wisdom of Solomon 1-6: Righteousness and Foolishness

Greco-Roman Period 1Love righteousness, you rulers of the earth, think of the Lord in goodness and seek him with sincerity of heart; 2 because he is found by those who do not put him to the test, and manifests himself to those who do not distrust him. 3 For perverse thoughts separate people from God, […]

Baruch 1-2: The Destruction of the Temple and the Exile
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Baruch 1-2: The Destruction of the Temple and the Exile

1These are the words of the book that Baruch son of Neriah son of Mahseiah son of Zedekiah son of Hasadiah son of Hilkiah wrote in Babylon, 2 in the fifth year, on the seventh day of the month, at the time when the Chaldeans took Jerusalem and burned it with fire. 3 Baruch read […]

Book of Susanna 1-64: Daniel Rescues Susanna
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Book of Susanna 1-64: Daniel Rescues Susanna

Greco-Roman Period 1 There was a man living in Babylon whose name was Joakim. 2 He married the daughter of Hilkiah, named Susanna, a very beautiful woman and one who feared the Lord. 3 Her parents were righteous, and had trained their daughter according to the law of Moses. 4 Joakim was very rich, and […]

Book of Judith 4-16: The Pious Heroine
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Book of Judith 4-16: The Pious Heroine

Greco-Roman Period 4When the Israelites living in Judea heard of everything that Holofernes, the general of Nebuchadnezzar, the king of the Assyrians, had done to the nations, and how he had plundered and destroyed all their temples, 2 they were therefore greatly terrified at his approach; they were alarmed both for Jerusalem and for the […]

Book of Jubilees: The Book of Division
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Book of Jubilees: The Book of Division

Greco-Roman Period The book of Jubilees purports to project those things revealed to Moses during the forty days he spent on Mount Sinai (Ex. 24-18). It opens with God’s revealing to Moses the future of the Jewish people. In the persona of an angel recounting Jewish history until the time of Moses, Jubilees retells the […]

Pseudepigrapha
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Pseudepigrapha

Greco-Roman Period Lawrence H. Schiffman, From Text to Tradition, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken, NJ, 1991. All in all, the apocrypha are a varied group of texts that have in common little more than their approximate dates of composition and their preservation in the Septuagint Bible. There is little of literary or historical significance to distinguish […]

Literature of the Second Commonwealth (332 BCE-c. 70 CE)
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Literature of the Second Commonwealth (332 BCE-c. 70 CE)

  From Text to Tradition The Apocrypha Pseudepigrapha Historical surveys Shaye Cohen. “Roman Domination- The Jewish Revolt and the Destruction of the Second Temple.” Primary sources Book of Tobit 11-12- The Reward of the Righteous Book of Judith 4-16- The Pious Heroine (oremus Bible Browser) Greek Esther 13-14- The Letter and the Prayer (oremus Bible […]