Judaism under Christian Rome

Babylonian Talmud Avodah Zarah 10a-11a: Antoninus and Rabbi
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Babylonian Talmud Avodah Zarah 10a-11a: Antoninus and Rabbi

The Babylonian Talmud includes a collection of stories about the relationship between Rabbi Judah the Prince and a supposed Roman emperor named Antoninus. Scholars have debated whether to identify this Antoninus with one of the emperors of the Severan dynasty, perhaps Antoninus Pius (ruled 138-161 C.E.), or to understand these texts as relating to some […]

Decline of Hellenistic Judaism
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Decline of Hellenistic Judaism

Lawrence H. Schiffman, From Text to Tradition, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken, NJ, 1991. From the third century B.C.E. a Greco-Roman, Hellenistic Judaism had existed alongside the Hebrew-speaking Judaism of Palestine. This Greek-speaking Judaism had come to terms with Greek literary forms and philosophies, had translated the Bible into Greek in several versions, and had in many ways synthesized […]

Under Byzantine Christianity
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Under Byzantine Christianity

Lawrence H. Schiffman, From Text to Tradition, Ktav Publishing House, Hoboken, NJ, 1991. Until the Arab conquest of the Near East (634–638 C.E.), the centers of Jewish creativity were Palestine and Babylonia. After the suppression of the Bar Kokhba Revolt of 132–135 C.E., the Palestinian Jewish community had recovered quickly. Institutions of self-rule, the patriarchate and […]

Palestinian Jews and Judaism Under Christian Rome (324-638 CE)
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Palestinian Jews and Judaism Under Christian Rome (324-638 CE)

From Text to Tradition Under Byzantine Christianity Decline of Hellenistic Judaism Historical surveys Isaiah M. Gafni. “The World of the Talmud- From the Mishnah to the Arab Conquest.” Part IV. Christianity and Rabbinic Judaism- a Parallel History of their Origins and Early Development. Ed. Hershal Shanks. Washington D.C.- Biblical Archaeology Society, 1993. Primary sources Jerusalem […]