Notice: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /var/www/wp-content/plugins/breadcrumbs/yoast-breadcrumbs.php on line 187

Identification of the Sect

Josephus, Antiquities XIII, 297: The Pharisees and Sadducees on the Traditions of the Fathers
By April 13, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Josephus, Antiquities XIII, 297: The Pharisees and Sadducees on the Traditions of the Fathers

The Dead Sea Scrolls Lawrence H. Schiffman, Texts and Traditions, Ktav, Hoboken 1998, p.517-518. The traditions of the fathers, or elders, mentioned by Josephus, are an important component of what the Rabbis later called oral law. The traditions were a hallmark of the Pharisaic approach to Torah and continued into Rabbinic tradition as it was […]

Overview: Identification of the Sect
By April 13, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Overview: Identification of the Sect

The Dead Sea Scrolls Evidence of the Halakhic Letter The Halakhic Letter, known in Hebrew as Miqsat Ma’ase ha-Torah (“some legal rulings pertaining to the Torah”), demonstrates that the sectarian schism came about as a result of conflict over sacrificial law and ritual purity. The text lists twenty-two differences between the way these laws were […]

Philo, Every Good Man is Free XII, 75-87: Description of the Essenes
By April 8, 2008 3 Comments Read More →

Philo, Every Good Man is Free XII, 75-87: Description of the Essenes

Greco-Roman Period Lawrence H. Schiffman, Texts and Traditions, Ktav, Hoboken 1998, p.282-284. Another ancient source, Philo, who lived in Alexandria, Egypt between ca. 20 B.C.E. and 50 C.E., also describes the Essenes. Philo tells of a group of pious individuals who live in villages, and, like the Essenes of Josephus, practice communal ownership of goods […]

Pliny, Natural History V, xv: The Solitary Essenes
By April 8, 2008 1 Comments Read More →

Pliny, Natural History V, xv: The Solitary Essenes

Greco-Roman Period In contrast to Josephus’ Essenes who marry for purposes of propagation, Pliny’s Essenes never marry. While Josephus says that this sect is found in every city, Pliny locates them on the western coast of the Dead Sea. This account has been a major linchpin in the identification of Qumran on the shore of […]

Josephus, War II, 119-61: The Life of the Essenes
By April 8, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Josephus, War II, 119-61: The Life of the Essenes

Greco-Roman Period Lawrence H. Schiffman, Texts and Traditions, Ktav, Hoboken 1998, p.276-281. The much more detailed description given here of a closed fraternity of Essenes living a simple, pious life has led scholars to identify Josephus’ Essenes with the Dead Sea sect. Josephus sought to picture the Essenes as a Greek philosophic school and therefore […]

Josephus, Antiquities XVIII, 18-22: The Doctrine of the Essenes
By April 8, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Josephus, Antiquities XVIII, 18-22: The Doctrine of the Essenes

Greco-Roman Period Lawrence H. Schiffman, Texts and Traditions, Ktav, Hoboken 1998, p.275-276. Josephus provides the most expansive contemporary description of the Essenes. He presents them as an agricultural, virtuous people worthy of admiration for their pious, peaceful ways, their communal economic life, and celibacy. (18) The doctrine of the Essenes is that all things are […]