The Sojourn and Slavery in Egypt

Pharaoh’s Workers- How the Israelites Lived in Egypt, Leonard and Barbara Lesko, BAR 25-01, Jan-Feb 1999.
By March 23, 2016 Read More →

Pharaoh’s Workers- How the Israelites Lived in Egypt, Leonard and Barbara Lesko, BAR 25-01, Jan-Feb 1999.

Whatever doubts scholars may entertain about the historicity of the Exodus, memories of an Israelite sojourn in Egypt seem too sharply etched to dismiss out of hand. The Biblical account simply contains too many accurate details and bears too many correspondences with Egyptian records to ignore. And although in our current state of knowledge we […]

The Sojourn and Slavery in Egypt, 1500-1300 BCE
By January 28, 2009 0 Comments Read More →

The Sojourn and Slavery in Egypt, 1500-1300 BCE

Highlights- Descent to Egypt The Amarna Letters, 14th century BCE Tomb of King Tutanhkamen, 1323 BCE Overview The Mists of Antiquity 2000-1000 BC, Teddy Kollek and Moshe Pearlman, Jerusalem- Sacred City of Mankind, Steimatzky Ltd., Jerusalem, 1991. Biblical History- From Abraham to Moses, c. 1850-1200 BCE, Steven Feldman, COJS. Artifacts Descent to Egypt The Lion […]

Tomb of King Tutankhamen, 1323 BCE
By December 24, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Tomb of King Tutankhamen, 1323 BCE

Mask of Tutankhamen’s mummy King Tutankhamen ruled Egypt for nine years, from approximately 1355 to 1346 BCE. He ascended the throne at age nine, and he remained in power until his sudden death at age 18. His tomb was discovered on November 22, 1922, by Howard Carter, an English archaeologist and Egyptologist, in the Valley […]

Tomb of Haremhab at Saqqara, c. 1330 BCE
By December 10, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Tomb of Haremhab at Saqqara, c. 1330 BCE

African and Syrian captives The tomb of General Haremhab was one of the first built at southern Saqqara, close to and probably visible from the city of Memphis, after King Tutankhamun’s abandonment of El-Amarna. Haremhab wielded the military power in Egypt during the reign of young Tutankhamun. His tomb contains scenes of a triumphant parade […]

Statue of the God Ptah-Sokar-Osiris, 1539-1292 BCE
By December 9, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Statue of the God Ptah-Sokar-Osiris, 1539-1292 BCE

From the tomb of Hornedjitef From the time of the 18th dynasty (c. 1539 to c. 1292 BCE), a rolled up copy of the Book of the Dead was put into a compartment in the base of the statue. The god Osiris was considered to be the father of Horus. Filer, Joyce, The Mystery of […]

Statue of Horus
By December 4, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Statue of Horus

Horus   Horus Panels Its freewheeling mastery of the sky and the fierce arrogance of its sharp beak and darting glance made the falcon one of the major embodiments of divinity for the ancient Egyptians. There were a number of falcon gods, including Sokar, Nemty, and the warlike Montu. Foremost among them, and one of […]

General Djehuty’s Gold Cup, 1455 BCE
By November 20, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

General Djehuty’s Gold Cup, 1455 BCE

As a reward for his exploits in Palestine around 1455 BCE, Tuthmosis III presented General Djehuty with this gold cup, which is now in the Louvre. According to an Egyptian folk tale, Djehuty had captured the town of Joppa (modern Jaffa) by concealing his soldiers inside earthenware jars. The Arabian Nights tale “Ali Baba and […]

The Amarna Letters, 14th century BCE
By November 10, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

The Amarna Letters, 14th century BCE

Date- 14th century BCE Current Location- Vorderasiatisches Museum, Berlin, Germany Language and Script- Akkadian; cuneiform Amarna Letter 1 Amarna Letter 2 Biblical Verses- During his campaign through the land of Canaan, Joshua faced the same groups of chiefdoms as had been powerful two hundred years earlier, in the Amarna Period. Among them was the chiefdom […]

Thutmose III’s Reliefs at Karnak, 1479-1425 BCE
By November 9, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Thutmose III’s Reliefs at Karnak, 1479-1425 BCE

Pharaoh Thutmose III of Egypt was famous for his many successful military campaigns and is sometimes called “Napoleon of Ancient Egypt.” In addition to his victories against the Mittanian Empire, he launched campaigns into Syria and Palestine every summer for 18 years. Thutmose III At Karnak, Thutmose III lists the names Jacob-El, Joseph-El and Levi-El […]

Past Perfect: King Tut, I Presume? AO 5:04, Jul-Aug 2002.
By August 27, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Past Perfect: King Tut, I Presume? AO 5:04, Jul-Aug 2002.

While excavating in the Valley of the Kings, British archaeologist Howard Carter came face to face with Egyptian royalty On November 26, 1922, British archaeologist Howard Carter (1874–1939) and his patron, the fifth Earl of Carnarvon, first glimpsed the dazzling contents of the tomb of the Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamun (1336–1327 B.C.). Carter had arrived in […]