It is problematic to use the Talmud for history because there is much anonymous material and even named materials are not necessarily accurate quotes. Prof. Lawrence H. Schiffman, New York University
Roman Period II
Shortly after major pieces of an extraordinary bronze statue had been dug up illegally by an American tourist, Gideon Foerster of the Israel Department of Antiquities received an urgent call from a former student describing the find. The tourist, an American named Morton Leventhal, had been wandering around with a metal detector looking for ancient […]
Villa Torlonia catacomb, Rome. Significantly, images of the menorah from the Roman catacombs, which date to the fourth century, often depict the lamps atop the menorah’s branches inclined toward the central stalk. We see this, for example, in wall paintings from the Villa Torlonia catacomb.
From the 1st century AD honorific arch, located on the Via Sacra, Rome, just to the south-east of the Roman Forum. Constructed in AD 82, by the Roman Emperor Domitian after the death of his older brother Titus – to commemorate Titus’ victories, including the Siege of Jerusalem in 70 AD. The Arch of Titus […]
Spolia – Spoils – The re-use of earlier building material or decorative sculpture on new monuments. The practise was common in late antiquity.
Triumphal procession of the spoils of the Jerusalem Temple portrayed on the Arch of Titus, Rome. A 1st century AD honorific arch located on the Via Sacra, Rome, just to the south-east of the Roman Forum. Contructed in 82 AD by the Roman Emperor Domitian shortly after the death of his elder brother Titus to […]
The Arch of the Titus Menorah shows Roman soldiers carrying the spoils of the Jewish Wars. The destruction of Jerusalem happened in 70 AD when the Roman legions sacked Jerusalem and returned home with the spoils, from the wealthiest city in the Roman Empire, Jerusalem.
Highlights- The Jewish War by Josephus Flavius, c. 75 CE Arch of Titus, 85 CE Aelia Capitolina Coin, 135 CE Bust of Hadrian, 118-130 CE Bar Kokhba Coin, 132-135 CE Bar Kokhba Letter, 132-135 CE Gospel of John, 135 CE Pool of Siloam Overview Biblical History- The Roman Period, Steven Feldman, COJS, 2007. Overview- From […]
Roman Boxer A tiny statue (about 6 centimeters high by 4 centimeters wide) dating to the second or third century has been discovered in excavations of the Giv’ati Parking Lot across from the City of David. The shape of the face leads archaeologists to believe that an athlete is depicted, most probably a boxer. Boxing […]
The small Shiloach Pool, to which the waters of the Gihon flow today, is part of a pool from the Byzantine Era. Fragments of pillars which can be seen today in the pool, appear to be remains of the Shiloach Church that was built in this location. Archeologists believe that during the Second Temple Era […]