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Maccabean Period

The War Scroll, c. 100 BCE
By December 24, 2008 1 Comments Read More →

The War Scroll, c. 100 BCE

The Battle Between the Sons of Light and the Sons of Darkness Date- c. 100 BCE Current Location- Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel Language and Script- Hebrew; alphabetic War Scroll General Information- The scroll pictured here, known as the War Scroll, describes the apocalypse as expected by the Qumran sect. Undoubtedly, it was authored by a […]

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Tebtunis Papyri, 114 BCE
By December 16, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Tebtunis Papyri, 114 BCE

Tebtunis Papyri 1   Tebtunis Papyri 2 Since 1998, 7,000 papyri have been found at Tebtunis, Egypt. One example from 114 BCE is a letter complaining about a violent attack in the temple of Isis- To Menches… While I was in the great temple of Isis here for devotional purposes on account of the sickness […]

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Measuring Cups from Qumran
By December 8, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Measuring Cups from Qumran

Cylindrical cups of this type, ranging in height between 5 and 15 centimeters, are frequently found in sites of the Second Temple period. It is believed that their capacities correspond to the dry and liquid measures mentioned in the Mishnah. Scholars hold that the cups were made of stone since is not susceptible to impurity […]

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Menorah Coin, 40-37 BCE
By December 8, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Menorah Coin, 40-37 BCE

Menorah Coin Prutah (AE, 1.65 g 12), Jerusalem, 37. Traces of Greek inscription – “King Antigonus” – around the seven-branched Menorah from the Temple in Jerusalem. Rev. Traces of Hebrew inscription – “Matatya the High Priest” – around the showbread table from the Temple in Jerusalem. Mattathias Antigonus was the last ruler of the Jewish […]

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The Ten Commandments Scroll, 30-1 BCE
By November 26, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

The Ten Commandments Scroll, 30-1 BCE

Ten Commandments Scroll Deuteronomy 8-5-10; 5-1-6-1 4Q41 Language- Hebrew Discovered- Cave 4, 1952 This text of the Ten Commandments is longer than traditional translations and reflects both biblical versions of the Sabbath commandment (Exodus 20-11 and Deuteronomy 5-11). This scroll is the best preserved of all the Deuteronomy manuscripts discovered at Qumran. This text may […]

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Antikythera Mechanism, 150-100 BCE
By November 20, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Antikythera Mechanism, 150-100 BCE

Antikythera Mechanism The Antikythera Mechanism was discovered in 1901 on a Greek island called Antikythera in the excavation of a shipwreck. The mechanism is an ancient mechanical calculator, designed to calculate astronomical positions. It is currently housed in the Bronze Collection of the National Archaeological Museum of Athens. See also- The Antikythera Mechanism Research Project

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Equestrian Alexander, 1st century BCE
By November 10, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Equestrian Alexander, 1st century BCE

Equestrian Alexander The “Equestrian Alexander,” a bronze statuette from the first century BCE. It was discovered in Italy, at Herculaneum, in 1761. It is thought to be a copy of a famous lost statue by Lysippos showing Alexander astride his fabled horse, Bucephalus, about to spear an attacker. “The World of Alexander Was Rich and […]

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Paleo-Exodus, c. 100 BCE
By November 10, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Paleo-Exodus, c. 100 BCE

The Dead Sea Scrolls Paleo-Exodus The Paleo-Exodus Scroll is quite interesting because it is both a proto-Samaritan manuscript and is written in the old Hebrew script. This text is well preserved, with fragments of forty-three or forty-five consecutive columns extant, ranging from Exodus chapters 6 to 37. It was originally fifty-seven columns long. The manuscript […]

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Pantry at Qumran
By November 4, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Pantry at Qumran

The more than one thousand pottery vessels stacked according to type and located in a pantry next door to the dining room, together with the nearby kitchen, containing several fireplaces, have indicated that the group using these facilities held communal meals at Qumran.

Coins of Alexander Jannaeus from Siloam, 103-76 BCE
By September 2, 2008 0 Comments Read More →

Coins of Alexander Jannaeus from Siloam, 103-76 BCE

Coin of Alexander Jannaeus from Siloam Four coins, including the one shown here, embedded in the plaster of the newly discovered Siloam Pool, show that the pool was in existence at the time of Jesus. All four date to the rule of Alexander Jannaeus, one of the later Hasmonean kings, who ruled from 103 to […]

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