Author Archive: Ardon

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Postcard of the Sir Albert Sassoon Synagogue, Baghdad, 1927
By December 20, 2016 Read More →

Postcard of the Sir Albert Sassoon Synagogue, Baghdad, 1927

Sir Albert Abdallah David Sassoon, Bart. was an Anglo-Indian merchant; head of the house of David Sassoon & Co., born in Baghdad 1817; died in Brighton, England in 1896. The Sassoons were known as “the Rothschilds of the East.”

Posted in: Jews of Iraq
Operation Magic Carpet, 1949-1950
By December 19, 2016 Read More →

Operation Magic Carpet, 1949-1950

During the course of Operation Magic Carpet (also known as Operation On Wings of Eagles), 49,000 Jews were airlifted to the new State of Israel. The vast majority of these Jews were from Yemen.

Posted in: Jews of Yemen
Yemenite Jew, circa 1920
By December 19, 2016 Read More →

Yemenite Jew, circa 1920

In 1922, the government of Yemen reintroduced the “orphans decree,” which stated that an orphan under 12 years of age would be taken from the Jewish community and turned over to a Muslim foster family.

Posted in: Jews of Yemen
Yemenite Jew, 1914
By December 19, 2016 Read More →

Yemenite Jew, 1914

About 10% of Yemen’s Jews left Yemen and immigrated to Palestine in the first wave of immigration, which lasted from 1881 to 1914.

Posted in: Jews of Yemen
July 26, 412 Theodosius II (408 – 450) and Emperors Honorius (393 – 423)
By December 11, 2016 Read More →

July 26, 412 Theodosius II (408 – 450) and Emperors Honorius (393 – 423)

Protection of Synagogues and the Jewish Sabbath “No one shall dare to violate or seize and occupy what are known the names of synagogues and are assuredly frequented by the conventicles of the Jews, for all must retain what is theirs with unmolested right and without harm to religion and cult. Furthermore, since the ancient […]

August 24, 410 The Golden Menorah
By December 11, 2016 Read More →

August 24, 410 The Golden Menorah

The Visigoths led by King Alaric besieged Rome “It was at length agreed that the city should give 5,000 pounds of gold and 30,000 pounds of silver… Palladius was not able to complete the whole sum … they (e.g. the Romans) not only robbed statues of their ornaments but also melted down some of them […]

April 1, 409 Emperors Theodosius II (408 – 450) and Honorius (393 – 423)
By December 11, 2016 Read More →

April 1, 409 Emperors Theodosius II (408 – 450) and Honorius (393 – 423)

Against Christian Conversion to Judaism; God – Fearers “A new crime of superstition shall obtain the unheard name of Heaven-Fearers [God-Fearers]. Let them know, that unless they return within a year to the cult of God and to the Christian veneration, they too shall be affected by those laws which we have ordered to be […]

February 3, 404 Emperors Arcadius (395 – 408) and Honorius (393 – 423)
By December 11, 2016 Read More →

February 3, 404 Emperors Arcadius (395 – 408) and Honorius (393 – 423)

Privileges Granted to the Jewish Patriarchs “We order that all the privileges granted by our father, of divine memory, and by the emperors before him, to the excellent Patriarchs (e.g. Jewish Leaders), and to those set by them over others, shall retain their force.” Source: Council of Centers on Jewish-Christian Relations

400 C.E. Martianus Capella
By December 11, 2016 Read More →

400 C.E. Martianus Capella

Jerusalem, Judaea, Masada, Essenes De Nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii, VI (De Geometria), 678-679 “ … The second height of Judaea next to Jerusalem, on which side is the spring Callirrhoë. On the west are the Essenes who live without sexual intercourse and all desires. From here somewhat in the interior is the fortress Masada, where […]

February 3, 398 Emperors Arcadius (395 – 408) and Honorius (393 – 423)
By December 11, 2016 Read More →

February 3, 398 Emperors Arcadius (395 – 408) and Honorius (393 – 423)

On the Judicial Powers of Jewish Authorities “The Jews, who live under Roman common law, shall address the courts in the usual way in those cases which do not concern so much their superstition as court, laws and rights, and all of them shall bring actions and defend themselves under the Roman laws; in conclusion, […]