Archive for December, 2016

The Galilee Boat—2,000-Year-Old Hull Recovered Intact, Shelley Wachsmann, BAR 14:05, Sep/Oct 1988
By December 31, 2016 Read More →

The Galilee Boat—2,000-Year-Old Hull Recovered Intact, Shelley Wachsmann, BAR 14:05, Sep/Oct 1988

A severe drought gripped Israel in 1985 and 1986. The winter rains barely came. Water was pumped from the Sea of Galilee to irrigate parched fields throughout the country. Predictably, the Kinneret (the Hebrew name of the freshwater inland lake also known as the Sea of Galilee) shrank. Wide expanses of lakebed, normally covered with […]

Posted in: Persian Period
India, Muslims and Oil
By December 21, 2016 Read More →

India, Muslims and Oil

Primary Sources August 1198, Forced Conversion of the Jews of Aden Aug 11, 1840, Viscount Palmerston to Viscount Ponsonby April 15, 1854, Karl Marx (The Author of Das Kapital) – The Outbreak of the Crimean War with Russia 1888, The Constantinople Convention Freedom of Passage Through the Suez Canal 1892, Marquess George Nathaniel Curzon of […]

September 24, 416 Emperors Theodosius II (408 – 450) and Honorius (393 – 423)
By December 20, 2016 Read More →

September 24, 416 Emperors Theodosius II (408 – 450) and Honorius (393 – 423)

Prohibition of Jewish Conversion to Christianity to Avoid Crimes “It had been ordained, in the old laws as well as in ours, that, since we have learned that converts of the Jewish religion want to join the community of the Church in order to escape their crimes and out of various necessities, this is done […]

Jews of Iraq
By December 20, 2016 Read More →

Jews of Iraq

The mass emigration of Jews from Iraq in the years 1950 and 1951 brought to an end the existence of a community which had been in the region for millennia. From the very birth of Judaism in what was then Mesopotamia, Jews have been present in or very strongly linked to the area. Primary sources […]

Posted in: Jews of Iraq
Postcard of the Sir Albert Sassoon Synagogue, Baghdad, 1927
By December 20, 2016 Read More →

Postcard of the Sir Albert Sassoon Synagogue, Baghdad, 1927

Sir Albert Abdallah David Sassoon, Bart. was an Anglo-Indian merchant; head of the house of David Sassoon & Co., born in Baghdad 1817; died in Brighton, England in 1896. The Sassoons were known as “the Rothschilds of the East.”

Posted in: Jews of Iraq
Operation Magic Carpet, 1949-1950
By December 19, 2016 Read More →

Operation Magic Carpet, 1949-1950

During the course of Operation Magic Carpet (also known as Operation On Wings of Eagles), 49,000 Jews were airlifted to the new State of Israel. The vast majority of these Jews were from Yemen.

Posted in: Jews of Yemen
Yemenite Jew, circa 1920
By December 19, 2016 Read More →

Yemenite Jew, circa 1920

In 1922, the government of Yemen reintroduced the “orphans decree,” which stated that an orphan under 12 years of age would be taken from the Jewish community and turned over to a Muslim foster family.

Posted in: Jews of Yemen
Yemenite Jew, 1914
By December 19, 2016 Read More →

Yemenite Jew, 1914

About 10% of Yemen’s Jews left Yemen and immigrated to Palestine in the first wave of immigration, which lasted from 1881 to 1914.

Posted in: Jews of Yemen
The History of Hanukkah
By December 18, 2016 Read More →

The History of Hanukkah

“Hannukah”—the celebration of the (re-)dedication of the Temple in Jerusalem—goes back to the very first dedication—that of Solomon in the 10th century BCE. But the holiday Jews have long called Hannukah commemorates just one of the Temple’s re-dedications—that at the hand of the Maccabees in 164 BCE. This holiday has sometimes been called a “minor” […]

July 26, 412 Theodosius II (408 – 450) and Emperors Honorius (393 – 423)
By December 11, 2016 Read More →

July 26, 412 Theodosius II (408 – 450) and Emperors Honorius (393 – 423)

Protection of Synagogues and the Jewish Sabbath “No one shall dare to violate or seize and occupy what are known the names of synagogues and are assuredly frequented by the conventicles of the Jews, for all must retain what is theirs with unmolested right and without harm to religion and cult. Furthermore, since the ancient […]