Archive for February, 2016

Codex Theodosianus- Laws Concerning the Jews
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Codex Theodosianus- Laws Concerning the Jews

C. Th. XV.xii.1- Bloody spectacles are not suitable for civil ease and domestic quiet. Wherefore since we have proscribed gladiators, those who have been accustomed to be sentenced to such work as punishment for their crimes, you should cause to serve in the mines, so that they may be punished without shedding their blood. Constantine […]

Posted in: Byzantine Period
Tosefta Hullin 2-24- Rabbi Eliezer and the Heretic
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Tosefta Hullin 2-24- Rabbi Eliezer and the Heretic

This narrative indicates that even Rabbis were in contact with Jewish Christians and that they exchanged interpretations and teachings. It once happened that R. Eliezer was arrested on account of heresy and they brought him up to the bema to be tried. The hegemon asked him: Should an elder like you engage in those things? He […]

Tosefta Hullin 2-20-21- Laws Distancing Jews from the Heretics
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Tosefta Hullin 2-20-21- Laws Distancing Jews from the Heretics

The Tosefta presents a list of regulations put together from previously existing statements, reflecting tannaitic steps to distance Jews from the early Christians, who were increasingly regarded as members of a separate religious community. If meat is found in the hand of a non-Jew, it is permitted to derive benefit from it. [If it is […]

The Eighteen Benedictions- The Benediction Against the Heretics
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The Eighteen Benedictions- The Benediction Against the Heretics

Palestinian texts of the Amidah preserve an early form of the Benediction against Heretics which includes both minim, Jewish Christians, and nozerim, Gentile Christians. The Benediction’s recitation was intended to bring about the separation of Christians from the synagogue. Such a procedure is mentioned in the Gospel of John and in the writings of the […]