Archive for August, 2015

The Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Testament, James C. VanderKam, BAR 41:02, Mar/Apr 2015.
By August 30, 2015 Read More →

The Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Testament, James C. VanderKam, BAR 41:02, Mar/Apr 2015.

What do the Dead Sea Scrolls tell us about the New Testament? One possible answer is: Nothing. The scrolls were associated with a relatively small group, or, rather, with several small groups.aOther Jewish people, like the first Christians, may not even have known about their sectarian writings. In fact, there is no evidence that any […]

Background to Hanukkah: Inscription Reveals Roots of Maccabean Revolt, Hershel Shanks, BAR 34:06, Nov-Dec 2008.
By August 30, 2015 Read More →

Background to Hanukkah: Inscription Reveals Roots of Maccabean Revolt, Hershel Shanks, BAR 34:06, Nov-Dec 2008.

A major new inscription that recently surfaced on the antiquities market and has been acquired by the Israel Museum in Jerusalem sheds dramatic new light on the run-up to the Maccabean revolt in the second century B.C.E.1 Until now, almost everything we know about the Maccabean revolt, which freed the Temple from the desecration of […]

August 1198, Forced Conversion of the Jews of Aden
By August 19, 2015 Read More →

August 1198, Forced Conversion of the Jews of Aden

Geniza Document, trans. S. D. Goitein, in Mosseri Collection, L-12, Letters of Medieval Jewish Traders (Princeton, 1973), pp. 213–15. Excerpted from Norman Stillman, Jews of Arab Lands, 247-248. (August 1198) to Aden. Immediately after his arrival he was brought before the self-styled caliph, who said to him: “Become a Muslim, or you will cause the death of your brethren.” […]

Posted in: Jews of Yemen
Jews of Yemen
By August 19, 2015 Read More →

Jews of Yemen

Primary Sources Forced Conversion of the Jews of Aden A Twentieth-Century Yemenite Version of the Pact of Umar, 1905. Sir John Hope and the Yemenites, Excerpt from The Statistical Bases of Sir John Hope’s Report on Immigration, Land Settlement and Development in Palestine, Jewish Agency, 1931. Secondary Sources The Exodus from Yemen Images San’a Pentateuch, […]

Posted in: Jews of Yemen
The Jews in Islamic Lands
By August 6, 2015 Read More →

The Jews in Islamic Lands

Jews settled in the Middle East in antiquity and came under Muslim rule in the 7th century. In the medieval period, Jews were protected and tolerated by their governments, but also treated as inferior to the local Muslims. In the twentieth century, the Jews were expelled from almost every Islamic country and centuries-old communities were […]

The Jews Under Islam, Part One, Shelom Dov Goitein, The Jewish World: History and Culture of the Jewish People
By August 6, 2015 Read More →

The Jews Under Islam, Part One, Shelom Dov Goitein, The Jewish World: History and Culture of the Jewish People

Jews and Judaism stood at the cradle of Islam. This fateful conjunction had a lasting impact on the character of the new religion and greatly affected the destinies of the Jews who were to live under its shadow. The Prophet Muhammad created a religion — Islam; a unique book — the Qur’ān; and a state […]

Coin of Antiochos IV Epiphanes
By August 2, 2015 Read More →

Coin of Antiochos IV Epiphanes

Courtesy of Classical Numismatic Group The reverse shows Zeus(King of the Gods) enthroned carrying the Goddess Nike(Victory). See also: Silver Tetradrachm of Antiochus IV Epiphanes, 164 BCE

Posted in: Background